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Stonecrop Sedum makinoi

Phonetic Spelling
SEE-dum MACK-in-oy
Description

Sedum is a genus of succulent, herbaceous, evergreen, perennials with fleshy, flat or rounded leaves depending on the species. In general, the plant is upright and spreads along the ground. The genus has over 300 species, though many have been moved to the genus Hylotelephium. The genus name comes from the Latin word sedeo meaning to sit in reference to the habit of many of the sedum species to sit and sprawl over rocks.  

S. makinoi, or Stonecrop, is a small (4 inch high) plant with four-parted flowers in yellow and green that, like many of its genus, is often used as ground cover. The leaves tend to fall off easily; however, the fallen leaves can be used to propagate new plants. Some references describe this plant as mildly toxic if ingested, while others do not. In any event, stems and leaves may be eaten raw when very young and tender. As the stems and leaves age, but before the plants flower, the edible parts may still be eaten if they are briefly cooked. The sap can irritate the skin of some people and the leaves, eaten in quantity, can cause stomach upsets.

In nature, Stonecrop is often found in sunny situations in forests or natural areas. It can be grown as a houseplant with bright direct light from a window or grow light. Use a coarse, well-drained soil, preferably a cactus mix. Or, it can be grown outdoors where it should be sited for sun to part sun in well-drained soil. It seldom needs watering, but will grow in moist soils with good drainage. The plant tolerates drought and heat, rocky and poor soils, and establishes itself quickly. It may do less well in cold temperatures.

Diseases, Insect Pests, and Other Plant Problems:

No serious diseases or insect problems, except for occasional slugs and snails. Avoid wet or poorly drained conditions.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Houseplants, Succulents, and Cacti", a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Ogon'
    Tiny-leaved spreading ground cover, bright gold foliage, dense mat 2” high and 12” wide.
'Ogon'
Tags:
#evergreen#deciduous#poisonous#houseplant#edible plant#low growing#perennials#succulent#interiorscape#fall interest#ncemgva2018#cpp#herb garden culinary#children's garden#herbaceous perennials#playground plant#groundcover#pollinator plant#edible leaves#bird friendly#container plant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Ogon'
    Tiny-leaved spreading ground cover, bright gold foliage, dense mat 2” high and 12” wide.
'Ogon'
Tags:
#evergreen#deciduous#poisonous#houseplant#edible plant#low growing#perennials#succulent#interiorscape#fall interest#ncemgva2018#cpp#herb garden culinary#children's garden#herbaceous perennials#playground plant#groundcover#pollinator plant#edible leaves#bird friendly#container plant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Sedum
    Species:
    makinoi
    Family:
    Crassulaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Leaf Cutting
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    China, South Korea, Japan
    Wildlife Value:
    attracts butterflies
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Textural
    Edibility:
    The stems and leaves, when very young and tender, may be eaten raw. Later, until they flower, they may be briefly cooked. When ingested in large quantities, can cause stomach upset.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 2 in. - 0 ft. 4 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 4 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Ground Cover
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Houseplant
    Perennial
    Succulent
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Creeping
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Very Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a, 10b, 10a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Star
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Small, terminal clusters of tiny, star-shaped, five-petaled, yellow flowers (each to 1/2 inch across) bloom in flat terminal inflorescences just above the foliage in mid to late summer.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Fleshy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Orbicular
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Thick cover of blunt, conical, pale green leaves (each to only 1/4 inch long). Leaves overlap like shingles.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Round
    Stem Description:
    low, thick stems
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Houseplants
    Naturalized Area
    Recreational Play Area
    Rock Wall
    Slope/Bank
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Poor Soil
    Rabbits