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Cherrybark Oak Quercus pagoda

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
KWER-kus puh-GOH-duh
Description

Cherrybark Oak is a deciduous tree that may grow 60 to 90 feet tall. The tree has alternate leaves with bristle-tipped margins and a hairy underside and stem. The bark is initially smooth but develops small scaly ridges which are quite rough. In spring, small, yellow-green, cylindrical, male flowers and small, green, female spikes mature. The tree produces a 1/2-inch acorn with an orange-brown, hairy, scaly cap that covers about 1/3 the nut. The acorn requires two growing seasons to reach maturity.

It grows best in loamy sites on bottom ridges and well-drained colluvial sites.

Quercus pagoda gets its name from its pagoda shaped leaves once they are turned upside down.

It is a large tree with a straight trunk and is relatively fast-growing. Regular branching forms a broad round crown of glossy, dark green foliage. Fall color is yellow-brown and the leaves drop in autumn. 

Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating.

Pest:  Cherrybark oak is susceptible to oak wilt (Ceratocystis fagacearum). Heart rot in standing cherrybark oak trees generally is greater on poor sites than on good sites. Also susceptible to wood-boring insects and oak-tree galls. Hispidus canker (Polyporus hispidus) is common on cherrybark oak.

 

 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#shade tree#wildlife plant#native tree#host plant#ducks#flowering#host#food source#low flammability#NC native#black bears#wild turkeys#deer resistant#woodpeckers#blue jays#acorns#host tree#fire resistant#Braham Arboretum#food source fall#butterfly friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#shade tree#wildlife plant#native tree#host plant#ducks#flowering#host#food source#low flammability#NC native#black bears#wild turkeys#deer resistant#woodpeckers#blue jays#acorns#host tree#fire resistant#Braham Arboretum#food source fall#butterfly friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Quercus
    Species:
    pagoda
    Family:
    Fagaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Excellent timber tree for furniture and interior finish. Due to cherrybark being very strong it is a desirable furniture wood.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern Central & South East U.S.A
    Distribution:
    AL , AR , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MD , MO , MS , NC , NJ , OK , SC , TN , TX , VA. Found in the southeastern United States from Maryland to Florida and over west into Texas, also found north into Indiana and Illinois.
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    It is a host plant for the Banded Hairstreak, Edwards' Hairstreak, Gray Hairstreak, White-M Hairstreak Horace's Duskywing and the Juvenal's Duskywing butterflies.  The Acorns are eaten by woodpeckers, white-breasted nuthatches, blue jays, ducks, small mammals, wild turkeys, white-tailed deer and black bear.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Resistant to fire and moderately resistant to damage from deer.
    Edibility:
    Acorns can be eaten once the tannins have been leached or boiled out.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 60 ft. 0 in. - 90 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 25 ft. 0 in. - 50 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    more than 60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Orange
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    This tree produces a 1/2" acorn with an orange-brown, hairy, scaly cap that covers about 1/3 of the nut. The acorn requires two growing seasons to reach maturity. Acorns are orange-brown with a shallow thin scaly cap.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Produces small, yellow-green, cylindrical, male flowers and small green female flowers on spikes. The flower occurs in April to May and is a naked catkin and a green solitary pistillate.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leathery
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves are about 5-10" long and 3-7" across and have with 5-11 lobes which are acute and are bristle tipped. When viewed upright it is said to resemble a Chinese pagoda. The upper leaf surface is dark green and glabrous, while the lower leaf surface is greyish-white and densely covered with fine star-shaped hairs. Leaves turn yellow-brown before falling in the autumn.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Surface/Attachment:
    Ridges
    Bark Description:
    The bark is initially smooth but develops small scaly ridges with are quite rough. Bark is very distinctive with its cherry tree appearance.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Twigs are rather stout, reddish-brown to grey, usually hairy when young and becoming smooth as the tree matures.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Street Tree
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Fire