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Wafer-ash Ptelea trifoliata

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
TEE-lee-ah try-foh-lee-AY-tuh
Description

Hoptree is a small deciduous tree native to North Carolina. It can be found growing in areas with especially calcareous soils including rocky bluffs, open woodlands, and river bluffs in the Coastal Plain. 

Very adaptable plant; slow to medium grower; bushy rounded habit; low branches; tends to sucker; yellow green fall foliage; native; very adaptable plant; forms colonies

Form: Bushy, rounded habit with low branches

Growth Rate: Slow to moderate

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Aurea'
  • 'Glauca'
'Aurea', 'Glauca'
Tags:
#fragrant#showy flowers#deciduous#small tree#full sun#partial shade#fragrant flowers#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#partial sun#showy#native tree#green flowers#yellow flowers#deciduous shrub#piedmont#native shrub#woody#spring flowers#interesting fruit#flowering tree#coastal#showy fruits#moist soil#food source#NC native#well-drained soil#large shrub#full sun flowers#summer flowers#woody shrub#flowering shrub#full sunlight#small and large mammals#native garden#mountains#coastal plant#colonies#green fruits#sunshine#summer interest#coast#coastal areas#rock gardens#spring interest#late spring flowers#summer fruits#food source summer#deciduous tree#early summer flowers#layering#food source herbage#Piedmont Mountains FAC#sandy soils tolerant#rocky soils tolerant#fruits#native#dry soil#bird friendly#dry soils tolerant#food source hard mast fruit#Coastal FACU#food source mid-summer#fruit#part sun#part shade#sandy soil#flowering#flower#sun tolerant#flowers#birds#moist#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Aurea'
  • 'Glauca'
'Aurea', 'Glauca'
Tags:
#fragrant#showy flowers#deciduous#small tree#full sun#partial shade#fragrant flowers#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#partial sun#showy#native tree#green flowers#yellow flowers#deciduous shrub#piedmont#native shrub#woody#spring flowers#interesting fruit#flowering tree#coastal#showy fruits#moist soil#food source#NC native#well-drained soil#large shrub#full sun flowers#summer flowers#woody shrub#flowering shrub#full sunlight#small and large mammals#native garden#mountains#coastal plant#colonies#green fruits#sunshine#summer interest#coast#coastal areas#rock gardens#spring interest#late spring flowers#summer fruits#food source summer#deciduous tree#early summer flowers#layering#food source herbage#Piedmont Mountains FAC#sandy soils tolerant#rocky soils tolerant#fruits#native#dry soil#bird friendly#dry soils tolerant#food source hard mast fruit#Coastal FACU#food source mid-summer#fruit#part sun#part shade#sandy soil#flowering#flower#sun tolerant#flowers#birds#moist#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ptelea
    Species:
    trifoliata
    Family:
    Rutaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Layering
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    South East Canada to Central & Eastern U.S.A
    Wildlife Value:
    Birds and small mammals enjoy the fruits as a food source.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Fragrance
    Wildlife Food Source
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 10 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Green
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Description:
    Interesting fruits. In North Carolina, the green/tan fruits are available from June to August.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    Small, greenish-white to greenish-yellow fragrant flowers; compressed, winged, brown structure that persists. In North Carolina, the flowers are available from April to June.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    2.5 to 5 in. alternate trifoliate leaf; yellow green fall color
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Stems are pungent
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Native Garden
    Rock Garden
    Design Feature:
    Flowering Tree
    Small Tree
    Attracts:
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Heat