Plant DetailShow Menu

Pinus pungens

Common Name(s):

Description

Table Mountain Pine is a pine tree native to the Appalachian Mountains.  It is typically medium sized tree reaching 65 feet with irregular crown form and with a diameter of 1-1.5'.  The trunk is short compared to other species and it has an irregular, spreading crown.  It is found growing on mountains either in pure stands or other trees on dry, rocky slopes.

The wood from this pine is light, weak, resinous, and has a coarse grain.  It's used for lumber, pump, and fuel wood.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#native tree#tree#NC native#Braham Arboretum
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#native tree#tree#NC native#Braham Arboretum
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Pinus
    Species:
    pungens
    Family:
    Pinaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    The wood is used for lumber, pulp, and fuel wood
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern U.S.A., NC
    Distribution:
    Pennsylvania west to Illinois south to Georgia
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Irregular
    Spreading
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Soil Texture:
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Mountains
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    The light brown, 2.5-3" long, stout cones most commonly grow in clusters of three to four. They have a glossy surface and a knobby appearance, each scale tipped with a hooked spine. They vary on when they open, sometimes soon after ripening and other times after two to three years.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Description:
    Long cylindrical purple yellow male flowers and green to light purple clustered female flowers
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Other/more complex
    Leaf Shape:
    Acicular
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    The twisted, stiff, dark blue-green needles are roughly 1.5-2.5" long and in closely clustered bundles of 2. They fall off of the tree after two to three years.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Red/Burgundy
    Surface/Attachment:
    Ridges
    Shredding
    Bark Plate Shape:
    Irregular
    Bark Description:
    The irregularly plated, dark brown bark is covered with small, red-tinged scales.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden