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Pinus palustris

Common Name(s):

Description

The Pinus palustris or Longleaf Pine is an evergreen tree that may grow 80 to 120 feet tall.  This tree has long, slender, feathery needles in clusters of 3.  The needle clusters tend to be tufted at the end of the branches. 

 It is a difficult tree to transplant.  This tree is susceptible to ice and storm damage, and is also not tolerant of lightning, high winds or drought.  It grows in "grass like" stage for the first 5 years.

Cultivars:
Tags:
#evergreen#full sun#large tree#leaf#pine straw#mulch#cpp#deer resistant
Cultivars:
Tags:
#evergreen#full sun#large tree#leaf#pine straw#mulch#cpp#deer resistant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Pinus
    Species:
    palustris
    Family:
    Pinaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southern US
    Wildlife Value:
    The Longleaf pine provides winter cover. Fox and gray squirrels, quail, brown-headed nuthatches, mourning doves, and turkeys eat the seeds. Red-cockaded woodpeckers excavate cavities in the living specimens of this species.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Enhancement
    Dimensions:
    Height: 80 ft. 0 in. - 120 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 30 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Open
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7b, 8b, 8a, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Good Dried
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Length:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Produces a purple-blue male cone and a dark purple female cone.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    In the spring, the Longleaf pine will produce long yellow-red male and oval purple female flowers.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Slippery
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves of the Longleaf pine are 8 to 18-inch needles that grow in clusters of 3.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Peeling
    Bark Plate Shape:
    Irregular
    Bark Description:
    As the tree ages, the bark thickens forming irregular, flaky plates.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Bud Terminal:
    Cluster of terminal buds
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Problems:
    Messy