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Pinus echinata

Common Name(s):

Description

The Pinus echinata has attractive reddish-brown bark in scaly plates on mature trees.  As the tree ages, the flat scales reveal a yellowish color when removed.

It is an important timber tree in the deep South where it is harvested for a variety of purposes, including lumber, plywood and wood pulp (for paper). Oleoresins are extracted to make turpentine. 

The formation of a deep taproot complicates transplanting from the wild.         

 

Seasons of Interest: 

     Bloom:  Spring        Fruit/Seed/Nut:  Fall

 

 Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:  Healthy, well-maintained Shortleaf pine trees usually have few problems. Pine beetles and weevils are potential insect pests.

Cultivars:
Tags:
#butterflies#evergreen#birds#wildlife plant#shelter#host plant#deer resistant#screens
Cultivars:
Tags:
#butterflies#evergreen#birds#wildlife plant#shelter#host plant#deer resistant#screens
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Pinus
    Species:
    echinata
    Family:
    Pinaeceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern United States
    Wildlife Value:
    It provides winter cover.  It is also a host plant for the Eastern Pine Elfin butterfly and many moths.  Squirrels, other small mammals, and birds eat the seeds.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Enhancement
    Wind Screen
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    The Shortleaf pine is moderately resistant to deer damage.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 80 ft. 0 in. - 100 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 20 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Horizontal
    Pyramidal
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    more than 60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Description:
    Cylindrical brown cones (1.5 to 2.5" long) are usually not produced until the tree reaches 20 years old. This tree produces both a pale purple male cone and a pale pink female cone.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    In the spring, red to yellow, male and light green to red, female flowers mature on the Shortleaf pine
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The Shortleaf Pine has dark bluish-green needles (3-5" long) that appear in bundles of two
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Light Brown
    Red/Burgundy
    Bark Description:
    Attractive reddish-brown bark in scaly plates on mature trees.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer