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Passionflower Passiflora incarnata

Phonetic Spelling
pass-iff-FLOR-uh in-kar-NAH-tuh
Description

Passiflora incarnata is a rapid-growing, tendril-climbing trailing vine which is woody in warm winter climates and herbaceous (dies to the ground) in cold winter climates. It is a native of the Southeastern U.S.  and is easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. It is tolerant of drought. The roots appreciate a loose mulch. Spreads by root suckers to cover large areas in optimum growing conditions. Although P. incarnata is the hardiest of the passion flowers, it is not reliably winter-hardy throughout USDA Zone 5 and may not survive extremely cold winters therein.

Maypop is also a common name for this vine and refers to the loud popping sound made when fruits are stepped on.  This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer.

This variety is the hardiest of all passion flowers. It does not have to climb in order to flower. To encourage a bushy growth habit, pinch vines back after the first summer growing season.

Fire Risk: This plant has an extreme flammability rating and should not be planted within the defensible space of your home.  Select plants with a low flammability rating for the sites nearest your home.  

Seasons of Interest: 

  Blooms:  Summer            Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Late summer/fall

 

Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:  The roots can spread aggressively. Root rot can occur in wet, poorly-drained soils, particularly in winter.

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Pollinator Garden- Partial Shade
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#hummingbirds#white#sun#showy flowers#deciduous#heat tolerant#blue#lavender#perennial#wildlife plant#nectar plant#playground#showy fruits#food source#fire#extreme flammability#NC native#fences#trellises#vines#summer flowers#deer resistant#children's garden#large flowers#arbors#long bloom time#edible fruits#spring interest#native vine#pollinator plant#wildflower garden#larval host plant#food source summer#food source fall#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#bird friendly#butterfly friendly#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#hummingbirds#white#sun#showy flowers#deciduous#heat tolerant#blue#lavender#perennial#wildlife plant#nectar plant#playground#showy fruits#food source#fire#extreme flammability#NC native#fences#trellises#vines#summer flowers#deer resistant#children's garden#large flowers#arbors#long bloom time#edible fruits#spring interest#native vine#pollinator plant#wildflower garden#larval host plant#food source summer#food source fall#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#bird friendly#butterfly friendly#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Passiflora
    Species:
    incarnata
    Family:
    Passifloraceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    It was used medicinally by Native Americans. They would poultice the root to be used for boils, cuts, bruises, earaches, and inflammation. It was also cooked in teas that were used to sooth nerves. The Inca's would brew this plant in tonic.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Root Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Central & E. U.S.A., Bermuda
    Fire Risk Rating:
    extreme flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    It is a larval host plant for the Gulf Fritillary (Agraulis vanillae), Verigated Fritillary (Euptoieta claudia), Banded Hairstreak (Satyrium calanus), Red-banded Hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops) and Zebra swallowtail (Eurytides marcellus) butterflies. Hummingbirds and butterflies nectar from the flowers in the summer. Its fruit may be eaten by songbirds, small mammals and some larger mammals.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Wildlife Food Source
    Climbing Method:
    Tendrils
    Edibility:
    Ripened maypops can be eaten fresh off the vine or made into jelly. Showy flowers are edible with a vegetal flavor, best used as a garnish.  The leaves can be used for tea.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Ground Cover
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Vine
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Texture:
    Medium
    Appendage:
    Tendrils
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Fleshy, leathery egg-shaped, fruits called maypops appear from July to October and mature to a yellowish color with brown seeds in fall. They "pop" when crushed.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Long Bloom Season
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Crown
    Flower Petals:
    7 - 20 petals/rays
    Colored Sepals
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    White with purple crown fringed flowers having white petals and sepals and a central crown of pinkish-purple filaments. The flowers bloom in summer and are fragrant. Flowers bloom from May to July.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are three-lobed and dark green leaves. The leaves are toothed with a pair of prominent glands on the leaf stalk.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Green
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Its bark is green and smooth and coarsely grained.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Patio
    Recreational Play Area
    Vertical Spaces
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Children's Garden
    Edible Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Screen/Privacy
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Heat