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Onoclea struthiopteris

Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Matteuccia struthiopteris
Phonetic Spelling
struth-ee-op-TER-iss
Description

Easy to grow fern with erect crown and stout, erect rhizome which sends out slender underground runners that form a new plant. Naturally occur in heavy, moist soil but adopt to light, rich soil and prefers constant moisture. Needs partial to full shade but tolerates sun with cool temperatures and adequate moisture. Fiddleheads are edible. 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#shade tolerant#showy leaves#fern#aggressive#native garden#groundcover#woodland
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#shade tolerant#showy leaves#fern#aggressive#native garden#groundcover#woodland
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Onoclea
    Species:
    struthiopteris
    Family:
    Aspleniaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Root Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Temp. Eurasia
    Edibility:
    Fiddleheads can be cooked and consumed
    Dimensions:
    Height: 3 ft. 0 in. - 5 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 2 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Fern
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Erect
    Vase
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    6-feet-12 feet
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Soft
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Leaf Type:
    Fronds
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Other/more complex
    Leaf Shape:
    Oblong
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Vase-shaped clump of arching, oblong, lance shaped fronds; vegetative fronds are plumelike, broadest above the middle and tapering to the base; 30-50 pairs of pinnatifid pinnae; tip of frond is abruptly constricted; 6-12 in. lyre-shaped fertile fronds produced in summer, become brown and woody; short stipe is slightly covered with whitish hairs
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Near Septic
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Cottage Garden
    Garden for the Blind
    Native Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Heavy Shade