- Common Name(s):
- Hardy pecan, Pecan
- Edible Plants, Native Plants, Trees
Hardy pecan is a native shade tree in the Juglandaceae family and is the largest of the hickories. It is grown mostly for its delicious edible nuts that appear in the summer after an insignificant bloom. Nut production can be reduced in the northern part of its growing range, especially when spring is late and the summer is cool. It can be difficult to transplant due to a deep taproot so choose your planting location wisely with its large mature size in mind. You can grown it from seed, but it will take the better part of a decade before the tree produces a significant crop. Pecans tolerate being planted near black walnut trees. This tree requires a medium amount of maintenance. Due to its size this is a tree most appropriate for a large property.
Seasons of Interest:
Fruit: Summer-fall, nut
Play Value: Wind Screen & Buffers; Wildlife Enhancement
Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Aphids, pecan weevils, twig girdlers, and fall webworms can cause some issues. Scab can infect both nuts and foliage, but scab resistant cultivars are available. Pecans are known for their brittle branches prone to breakage and late frosts can reduce nut production.
- 70-100 ft.
- Insignificant, monoecious, appear April-May. Male flowers are 4"-long yellow-green catkins, female flowers are shorter spikes. The tree is grown for nuts produced in the summer.
- Sun to partial shade; prefers moist, humusy well-drained soil
- Large, rounded spreading crown
- Full sun
- Sweet edible nuts that split into four sections when they ripen in the fall.
- 40-75 ft.
- Growth Rate:
- Alternate, medium green, pinnately compound leaf with 11-17 leaflets; no significant fall color
NCCES plant id: 1936