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Carya illinoinensis 'Stuart'

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
KAIR-yuh il-ih-noy-NEN-sis
Description

The Stuart pecan is a common cultivar grown in the southeastern United States. Type II, protogynous but not precocious. It requires an early cultivar for pollinating. It needs less pruning than other cultivars and usually takes 8-10 years to bear fruit. 

Edibility: It produces a large-sized nut with a weight of about 8.7 g. 45% of kernel. It usually has a thicker shell than other cultivars and the quality is poor to average.

Site: Full-sun. Loamy, well-drained soil with a pH of 6.0-6.5.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

More information on Carya illinoinensis.

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Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#edible nuts#cpp#edible fruits#deciduous tree
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#edible nuts#cpp#edible fruits#deciduous tree
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Carya
    Species:
    illinoiensis
    Family:
    Juglandaceae
    Dimensions:
    Height: 70 ft. 0 in. - 100 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 40 ft. 0 in. - 75 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Oval
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Available Space To Plant:
    more than 60 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Description:
    It produces a large-sized nut with a weight about 8.7 g. 45% of kernel. It usually has a thicker shell than other cultivars and the quality is poor to average.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Green
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    The green leaves are alternate and pinnate with 9-17 leaflets.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree