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Spider Lily Hymenocallis crassifolia

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
hy-men-oh-KAL-is krass-ih-FOH-lee-uh
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Coastal Spiderlily is native to the southern coastal counties of NC and south to Florida. It is a herbaceous perennial bulb that grows in moist soil with up to 6 inches of standing water in tidal marshes, margins of tidal guts and banks of backwater rivers. The leaves are strap-like and nearly erect and fragrant spider-lily flowers are produced in spring in clusters.

This plant requires consistently moist soil and should not dry out between watering. Use in water gardens, bogs or along ponds.

 

More information on Hymenocallis.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#bulb#poisonous#water garden#fragrant flowers#houseplant#perennial#perennial bulb#water plant#food source summer#Coastal OBL#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#Piedmont Mountains OBL
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#bulb#poisonous#water garden#fragrant flowers#houseplant#perennial#perennial bulb#water plant#food source summer#Coastal OBL#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#Piedmont Mountains OBL
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Hymenocallis
    Species:
    crassifolia
    Family:
    Amaryllidaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    SE USA
    Distribution:
    NC south to FL
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts pollinators
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Bulb
    Houseplant
    Perennial
    Poisonous
    Water Plant
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Semi-evergreen
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7a, 8b, 8a, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Fruit displays from June to July.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Umbel
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Umbel of 3 to 6 spider lily-like white flowers. The center is cup-like with six narrow rays and strongly scented. Blooms from May to June.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Semi-evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leathery
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Thick strap-like leaves are nearly erect and up to 26 inches long
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Angular
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    2-angled green stem up to 20 inch tall
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Houseplants
    Naturalized Area
    Pond
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Water Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Moths
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Wet Soil
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Poison Part:  Bulbs Poison Delivery Mode:Ingestion Symptoms:  Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Lycorine and other phenanthridine alkaloids
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Roots