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Pontederia cordata

Common Name(s):

Description

Pickerelweed is a herbaceous perennial that grows in wet environments with water depth up to one foot. It grows 2-4 feet above the water surface. Throughout the summer, purple 6 inch spikes mature. It grows in clumps that get larger each year.

Grows in shallow water (up to 18 in. covering the crown); sun to partial shade; can be grown in 5 gallon tub; thick creeping rootstock.

 

Seasons of Interest: 

     Bloom: Summer, fall; Fruit/Nut/Seed: Fall

 

 

 

Cultivars:
  • Alba
  • Angustifolia
  • P. cordata var. lancelolata
Tags:
#bees#native#butterflies#pollinators#water garden#perennial#container plant#native plants#wildlife plant#wildflowers#nectar plant#riparian#ducks#water plant#specialized bees#water#bumblebees#deer resistant#ponds
Cultivars:
  • Alba
  • Angustifolia
  • P. cordata var. lancelolata
Tags:
#bees#native#butterflies#pollinators#water garden#perennial#container plant#native plants#wildlife plant#wildflowers#nectar plant#riparian#ducks#water plant#specialized bees#water#bumblebees#deer resistant#ponds
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Pontederia
    Species:
    cordata
    Family:
    Pontederiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern North America to Caribbean
    Wildlife Value:
    Butterflies and bumblebees visit the blooms for nectar. Members of the genus Pontederia support the following specialized bee: Florilegus (Florilegus) condignus. Seeds are eaten by ducks.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Enhancement
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Pickerelweed is highly deer resistant.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 6 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herb
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Water Plant
    Wildflower
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Frequent Standing Water
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Spike
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    3 to 6 in. spike of bright lavender-blue ephemeral flowers; two yellow spots on the middle upper lobe of the corolla; strong odor.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    4 to 10 in. glossy, erect, deep green, egg- to lance-shaped leaves; heart or wedge-shaped base with distinctive swirling; apex tapers to a point
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Slope/Bank
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rain Garden
    Water Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer