Plant DetailShow Menu

Pontederia cordata

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
pon-te-DARE-ee-uh kor-DAY-tuh
Description

Pickerelweed is a herbaceous perennial that grows in wet environments with water depth up to one foot: it grows in shallow water (up to 18 in. covering the crown). It has a thick creeping rootstock, and this plant can be grown in a 5 gallon tub. This plant grows 2-4 feet above the water surface in full sun. Throughout the summer, purple 6 inch spikes mature. It grows in clumps that get larger each year.

Seasons of Interest: 

     Bloom: Summer, fall; Fruit/Nut/Seed: Fall

 

 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Alba'
  • 'Angustifolia'
  • P. cordata var. 'lancelolata'
Tags:
#bees#purple#butterflies#sun#full sun#water garden#summer#perennial#container plant#wildlife plant#purple flowers#wildflowers#nectar plant#riparian#ducks#fall interest#water plant#specialized bees#food source#bumblebees#NC native#summer flowers#deer resistant#fish#ponds#aquatic#native garden#butterfly garden#aquatic plant#dragonflies#albeit#pollinator plant#native wildflower#fall food source
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Alba'
  • 'Angustifolia'
  • P. cordata var. 'lancelolata'
Tags:
#bees#purple#butterflies#sun#full sun#water garden#summer#perennial#container plant#wildlife plant#purple flowers#wildflowers#nectar plant#riparian#ducks#fall interest#water plant#specialized bees#food source#bumblebees#NC native#summer flowers#deer resistant#fish#ponds#aquatic#native garden#butterfly garden#aquatic plant#dragonflies#albeit#pollinator plant#native wildflower#fall food source
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Pontederia
    Species:
    cordata
    Family:
    Pontederiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    E. Canada to N. Venezuela, Cuba, Brazil to N. Argentina
    Wildlife Value:
    Butterflies and bumblebees visit the blooms for nectar. Members of the genus Pontederia support the following specialized bee: Florilegus (Florilegus) condignus. Seeds are eaten by ducks. Under the water, the plants provide some shelter for fish including albeit. Dragonflies and damselflies are attracted to this plant for the purpose of egg-laying: if eggs are laid, they will be on the stems.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Pickerelweed is highly deer resistant; generally does not have diseases or insect pests
    Edibility:
    Technically, this plant has two parts (seeds in cereal or a snack; young leaves in salads) that are edible.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 6 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Water Plant
    Wildflower
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Erect
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Frequent Standing Water
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Description:
    Having teethed-margins, their seeds are seen in the fall (after flowers bloom).
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Spike
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    3 to 6 in. spike of bright lavender-blue ephemeral flowers; two yellow spots on the middle-upper lobe of the corolla; strong odor. Generally, this plant flowers from summer through fall (around June to October).
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Lanceolate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    4 to 10 in. glossy, erect, deep green, egg- to lance-shaped leaves; heart or wedge-shaped base with distinctive swirling; apex tapers to a point
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Naturalized Area
    Slope/Bank
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rain Garden
    Water Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Diseases
    Insect Pests