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Hyacinthus orientalis

Phonetic Spelling
hy-ah-SIN-thus or-ee-en-TAH-liss
This plant has medium severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Hyacinth is a hardy, spring-flowering bulb with basal, narrowly strap-shaped leaves. Flowers arise on an erect stalk, each 6-parted, funnel-shaped, variously colored, and fragrant. It tolerates (prefers) summer drought, but should be kept moist after planting and during the growing season. Cover bulbs to a depth of 8 in. and space 1-3 in. apart. Hyacinthus orientalis flowers in mid-spring (April/May) for 2-3 weeks. It can be grown in zone 4 with mulch, or 5 to 7 without mulch. It is great for use in beds, borders, and rock gardens.

Family name Hyacinthaceae (formerly Liliaceae)

Quick ID Hints:

  • Perianth parts fused to midway, lobes reflexed
  • Leaves are wide and strap-shaped, 2 or more per plant
  • Single, many-flowered, heavily scented flower scapes
  • Bell-shaped flowers in pink, blue, or white shades

Acaulescent, perennial, bulbous herb to 1'.

Blooms in mid spring; each bulb usually produces only one flower scape, flowers are pungently sweet, and marketed as a natural plant deodorizer for the home kitchen or bathroom; perfume seant can be troublesome for asthmatics; regarded as a patriotic plant with "red, white & blue" colors. 

Utilized as a forced interior pot plant; or outdoor landscapes in massing or edging beds; perennialization outdoors leads to smaller- sized flowers each year spaced farther apart. 

Prefers well-drained, fertile, organic-amended soil and full sun; intolerant of wet conditions; plant 6" deep and 8.5" apart in mid fall; remove spent flowers to conserve bulb energy.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple#red#white#pink#poisonous#fragrant flowers#container plant#edging#bulbs#houseplants#spring bulbs#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple#red#white#pink#poisonous#fragrant flowers#container plant#edging#bulbs#houseplants#spring bulbs#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Hyacinthus
    Species:
    orientalis
    Family:
    Hyacinthaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Bulb
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eurasia, Mediterranean
    Bulb Storage:
    Mulch during the winter in zone 4.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Bulb
    Poisonous
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Spike
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Funnel
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flowers on an erect stalk, each 6-parted, funnel-shaped, variously colored, fragrant. A many-flowered, scapose raceme, cylindrical; bracts small. 15-40, white, blue or pink, tubular-campanulate, heavily scented, waxy; perianth lobes 6, spreading-reflexed.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Smooth
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Basal and narrowly strap-shaped. Basal, 3-4, linear-lanceolate, 6-14" x 0.25-4", bright green; margins upturned, creating keel midrib below.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Houseplants
    Small Space
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Problems:
    Contact Dermatitis
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Medium
    Poison Symptoms:
    TOXIC ONLY IF LARGE QUANTITIES EATEN. SKIN IRRITATION MINOR, OR LASTING ONLY FOR A FEW MINUTES. Stomach cramps, salivation, vomiting, and diarrhea. Dermatitis after contact with cell sap. Possible nasal irritation and asthma in susceptible persons.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Alkaloids such as lycorine
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Bark
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Sap/Juice
    Seeds
    Stems