Plant DetailShow Menu

Hyacinthoides hispanica

Phonetic Spelling
hy-uh-sin-THOY-deez his-PAN-ih-kuh
This plant has high severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Spanish Bluebell is a bulbous perennial herb that grows up to 1 1⁄2 foot tall and has showy, bell-shaped, lavender-blue flowers. Flowers bloom in late spring and each bulb produces multiple flower scapes and the corolla is not fused. This plant is clump-forming, naturalizes easily, and can become weedy. It spreads by bulb offsets and seeds.

This plant prefers well-drained soil and part sun or partial shade but tolerates full sun to full shade. It is intolerant of wet conditions. Avoid planting in unamended clay soils. Bulbs must be lifted and divided during dormancy when they become overcrowded and replanted 3" deep and 4-6 inches apart. It is Hardy II, injured at temperatures below 14 degrees F (-10C) when planted.

Use these bulbs to add spring color at the woodland edge, groundcover under deciduous trees, in rock gardens, woodland gardens, borders, beds, or pots.

Quick ID Hints:

  • More than 1 flower scape per bulb
  • Clumps of strap-shaped, reflexed, 1-11⁄2" wide leaves
  • Flowers are bell-shaped, corolla not fused, and have 6 tepals
  • Each nodding flower is subtended by 2 bracts
See this plant in the following landscape:
Shaded Slope
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Alba'
    White flowers
  • 'Excelsior'
    Larger flowers
'Alba', 'Excelsior'
Tags:
#white#showy flowers#full sun#partial shade#small spaces#blue#drought tolerant#white flowers#container plant#pink flowers#weedy#blue flowers#low maintenance#deer resistant#woodland#naturalizes#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Alba'
    White flowers
  • 'Excelsior'
    Larger flowers
'Alba', 'Excelsior'
Tags:
#white#showy flowers#full sun#partial shade#small spaces#blue#drought tolerant#white flowers#container plant#pink flowers#weedy#blue flowers#low maintenance#deer resistant#woodland#naturalizes#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Hyacinthoides
    Species:
    hispanica
    Family:
    Liliaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Bulb
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Spain, Portugal and northwest Africa
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Bulb
    Ground Cover
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Green
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Roundish green capsules containing 5-30 round black seeds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    7 - 20 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    The terminal flowers are unscented, campanulate (bell to tube-shaped), and have 6-8 petals that are blue or pink. The 6 free tepals are .8" across. They are oblong-lanceolate, spreading, and are not curved at tips. Anthers are blue. The inflorescence is a loose scapose terminal raceme with 2 blue-tinted linear-lanceolate bracts per flower.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    The long and slender leaves are linear-lanceolate and grow up to 8"-20" long and .5"-1.5" wide in clumps. Most plants have only 4-8 leaves.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Round
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Description:
    Sturdy 10- 18-inch green stems
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Naturalized Area
    Small Space
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Cutting Garden
    Rock Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Black Walnut
    Deer
    Dry Soil
    Problems:
    Contact Dermatitis
    Poisonous to Humans
    Weedy
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    High
    Poison Symptoms:
    HIGHLY TOXIC, MAY BE FATAL IF EATEN! SKIN IRRITATION MINOR, OR LASTING ONLY FOR A FEW MINUTES. Pain in the mouth, nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, cramping, diarrhea, and lowered heart rate. Skin irritation in susceptible individuals.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Cardiac glycosides
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Bark
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Sap/Juice
    Seeds
    Stems