Plant DetailShow Menu

Iris reticulata

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
EYE-riss reh-tik-yoo-LAY-tah
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

This bulbous perennial herb of the Iris family is a dwarf variety native to Eastern Europe which blooms very early in the spring.  They grow best in morning sun to full sun in average soil with moisture supplied during the growing season and allowed to dry in the summer to set buds for the next spring bloom.  The small (2-3"), fragrant flowers are a vibrant blue to violet with the 3 outer, pendent "falls" and 3 inner, erect "standards" of other iris, but are marked with striping of white and yellow on the falls.  They are impressive in a group planting at the edge of a border, in beds, containers, and rock gardens; great for use in woodland gardens or near ponds or streams when naturalizing. The leaves are very fine and grass-like at only the height of the flowers at bloom, 6-8 inches, and rising to 12-15 inches after the flowers fade. The leaves disappear during the summer dormancy.

The fruit is a capsule, but as most irises, this reproduces better by division.  The reticulate patterned bulbs divide into bulblets (offshoots) after blooms have faded and may be separated and replanted at 5 inches, but take several years to mature.  If the number of blooms is decreasing, it is recommended to separate and plant these bulblets, or treat this iris as an annual by planting additional bulbs every fall.  

 It is deer and drought tolerant and is less susceptible to the fungal, bacterial and iris borer problems of other iris.

More information on Iris.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#poisonous#drought tolerant#container plant#blue flowers#cpp#bulbs#lavender flowers#houseplants#spring bulbs
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#poisonous#drought tolerant#container plant#blue flowers#cpp#bulbs#lavender flowers#houseplants#spring bulbs
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Iris
    Species:
    reticulata
    Family:
    Iridaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Bulb
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    East Turkey to Iran
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 5 in. - 0 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 4 in. - 0 ft. 4 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Bulb
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Perennial
    Poisonous
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    1 flower at the top of a naked stem, 6-parted with 3 outer, spreading or pendent "falls" and 3 inner, erect "standards", variously colored; blooms in early spring (March)
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Strap-like, overlapping at base, oriented in one plane
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Houseplants
    Naturalized Area
    Pond
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Rock Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Black Walnut
    Deer
    Drought
    Problems:
    Contact Dermatitis
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    CAUSES ONLY LOW TOXICITY IF EATEN. SKIN IRRITATION MINOR, OR LASTING ONLY FOR A FEW MINUTES. Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, elevated temperature following ingestion; skin irritation upon contact with seeds, rootstock, or cell sap.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Irisin, iridin, or irisine
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Roots
    Sap/Juice
    Seeds