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Iris virginica

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
EYE-riss vir-JIN-ih-kuh
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

This lovely, delicate iris is native to the United States and Canada, from the east coast to the middle states as far west as Texas. It can reach 2 to 2.5 feet with light blue to violet flowers borne on naked stems in late spring.  The falls are marked with white and can be crested with yellow frill.  The leaves which are strap-like and have a pronounced midrib in the center are not as upright; they may lay over or fall into the water.

It does best grown in very wet, humusy to sandy soil and in boggy acidic areas in full sun.  It should not be permitted to dry out in the growing season and is natural in wild areas with standing water.  These iris may be left in water over winter and can be used in pond borders of up to 6 inches deep.  It will tolerate light shade in the warmer regions of its range. Southern Flag Iris spreads slowly by rhizomes which can be divided for propagation as clumps form.

This iris is deer resistant and not susceptible to disease.

More information on Iris.

See this plant in the following landscapes:
Water Garden
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#hummingbirds#sun#bulb#water garden#rain garden#purple flowers#blue flowers#strappy#boggy#riparian#wetlands#wet sites#pond margins#cpp#NC native#spreading#deer resistant#native water plant#food source summer#Coastal OBL#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#Piedmont Mountains OBL#wet soils tolerant#mammals#butterfly friendly#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#hummingbirds#sun#bulb#water garden#rain garden#purple flowers#blue flowers#strappy#boggy#riparian#wetlands#wet sites#pond margins#cpp#NC native#spreading#deer resistant#native water plant#food source summer#Coastal OBL#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#Piedmont Mountains OBL#wet soils tolerant#mammals#butterfly friendly#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Iris
    Species:
    virginica
    Family:
    Iridaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern Canada to Central & Eastern U.S.A
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Deer, Diseases, Insects
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Water Plant
    Wildflower
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Frequent Standing Water
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Displays from July to September.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Irregular
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    1 at the top of a naked stem, 6-parted with 3 outer, spreading or pendent "falls" with white marks and yellow crests, and 3 inner, erect "standards", variously colored light blue to violet. Blooms from April to July.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Pond
    Riparian
    Small Space
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Rain Garden
    Water Garden
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Small Mammals
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Diseases
    Wet Soil
    Problems:
    Problem for Cats
    Problem for Dogs
    Problem for Horses
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    CAUSES ONLY LOW TOXICITY IF EATEN. SKIN IRRITATION MINOR, OR LASTING ONLY FOR A FEW MINUTES. Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, elevated temperature following ingestion; skin irritation upon contact with seeds, rootstock, or cell sap.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    irisin, iridin, or irisine
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Roots
    Sap/Juice
    Seeds