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Plants that fill a similar niche:
Tilia americana Tilia americana
Ulmus americana Full Form
Fraxinus quadrangulata Form
Fraxinus nigra has some common insect problems:
Emerald Ash Borer

Fraxinus nigra

Common Name(s):

Description

Black ash is a medium-sized deciduous tree in the Oleaceae (olive) family. It is native to eastern Canada and the northeastern United States from western Newfoundland to northern VA. and east to Indiana and North Dakota. Unfortunately, the species has been devastated by the eastern ash borer since 2014 throughout its native range. Black ash typically grows in bogs, along streams, or in poorly drained areas that often are seasonally flooded. It can reach 50-65 feet tall with an open pyramidal crown. The nearly black stem buds and inner bark give it the common name of black ash.

Black ash grows in peat and muck soils but also tolerates sandy loams along waterways. It tolerates sun to part shade and acidic to alkaline soils. It could be used as a shade tree if given the right conditions.

Black Ash wood is highly flexible and readily separates into thin strips, making it useful in applications requiring bending. It has been used for barrel hoops, chair seats, canoe ribs, and basket making.

VIDEO created by Grant L. Thompson for “Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines for Landscaping” a plant identification course offered by the Department of Horticulture at Iowa State University.

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#naturalized area#deciduous tree#partial shade tolerant#medium size tree#sun#wet sites#landscape plant sleuths course
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#naturalized area#deciduous tree#partial shade tolerant#medium size tree#sun#wet sites#landscape plant sleuths course
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Fraxinus
    Species:
    nigra
    Family:
    Oleaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Used in basket making. Also to make electric guitars and basses due to its good resonant qualities.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    South Eastern Canada, North Central and North Eastern U.S.A.
    Distribution:
    CT , DC , DE , IA , IL , IN , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , ND , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , VA , VT , WI , WV Canada: MB , NB , NL , NS , ON , PE , QC
    Wildlife Value:
    Falling leaves provide food to tadpoles. It also provides a home to the long-horned beetle, birds and mammals. Butterfly and moth larvae also feed on the leaves.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Cover/Habitat
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Dimensions:
    Height: 50 ft. 0 in. - 65 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 50 ft. 0 in. - 65 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Open
    Pyramidal
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasional Flooding
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    more than 60 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    2a, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Samara
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Fruit is a samara with one wing and 1 seed dispursed by the wind.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    The tree is monoecious, with separate male and female trees. The female flowers occur in loose panicles. The male flowers occur in tighter dense clusters. Flowering occurs in spring before leaf-out.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Oblong
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The odd pinnately green compound leaves have 7-11 leaflets that are 3-5 by 1-2 inches. Shape is oblong to oblong-lance. Margins are serrated and the undersides are lighter green with some hairs. Only the terminal leaflet is stalked.
  • Bark:
    Bark Description:
    The bark is gray-brown with blocky furrow on mature trees. The inner bark is nearly black
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Bud Terminal:
    Only 1 terminal bud, larger than side buds
    Stem Leaf Scar Shape:
    Round
    Stem Description:
    Stout, light brown to gray twigs with opposite buds that are nearly black.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Pond
    Riparian
    Landscape Theme:
    Water Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Frogs
    Moths
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Wet Soil
    Problems:
    Frequent Insect Problems