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Brown Turkey Fig Ficus carica 'Brown Turkey'

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
FY-kus KAIR-ih-kuh
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

This is one of the most popular figs grown in the United States. It needs protection in winter when the temperature drops below 10 degrees. There is little maintenance needed.

Heat tolerant and self-pollinatingLeaves and sap can irritate the skin.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

More information on Ficus carica.

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Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#full sun tolerant#heat tolerant#shrub#wildlife plants#low maintenance#playground#ncemgva2018#fast growing#cpp#children's garden#figs#edible fruits#edible garden#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#full sun tolerant#heat tolerant#shrub#wildlife plants#low maintenance#playground#ncemgva2018#fast growing#cpp#children's garden#figs#edible fruits#edible garden#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ficus
    Species:
    carica
    Family:
    Moraceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Edible fruit provided food source for Native Americans.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    E. Mediterranean to Central Asia
    Wildlife Value:
    Provides food source for birds and small mammals.
    Play Value:
    Edible fruit
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Heat tolerant.
    Edibility:
    The mild and sweet fruit is good eaten fresh or dried.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 10 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 10 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Multi-stemmed
    Rounded
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10b, 10a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    The small fruit ripens in July. The fruit has bronze skin and amber pulp, tastes mild and sweet.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    The flowers are unisexual and minute. Borne in leaf axils. Most commercially available figs are self-pollinating but wild figs require pollination by wasps.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Rough
    Smooth
    Soft
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Palmatifid
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Large, thick, green leaves are 5-10 inches long and 4-7 inches across and deeply, palmately lobed with three or five lobes. The upper surface is green and rough with hairs and the underside is paler and smooth.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Ridges
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Silver gray smooth bark becomes more bumpy with age.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Bud Terminal:
    Only 1 terminal bud, larger than side buds
    Stem Form:
    Straight
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Recreational Play Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Edible Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Heat
    Salt
    Problems:
    Contact Dermatitis
    Problem for Cats
    Problem for Dogs
    Problem for Horses
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Phytophotodermatitis from the white, milky sap.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Furanocoumarins
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Sap/Juice