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Trout Lily Erythronium americanum

Other plants called Trout Lily:

Phonetic Spelling
er-ih-THROH-nee-um a-mer-ih-KAY-num
Description

This perennial wildflower that is a corm is an early spring bloomer that goes dormant in late spring. It prefers moist, humusy soils and can grow in a variety of garden areas supporting a more acid soil. The bloom grows on a stalk, with one or more leaves at its base. Young plants often have only one leaf. A shade or partial shade garden, with available moisture and rich soil, would be a good location. It can also grow in rich woods or bottomlands.

The common names of this plant refer to the flower or leaf appearance at different phases of its growth cycle. As one example, the Trout lily name refers to its leaf mottling resembling a trout moving through water and the general shape of the petals.

This plant and its relatives in the genus Erythronium support the Andrena miner bee family, present across the U.S., that is important to the pollination of woodland and garden bulbs, berries, and flowering trees and shrubs. The scientific name of this miner bee that is attracted to this lily family is Andrena (Leucandrena) erythronii.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious insect or disease problems.

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#purple#yellow#partial shade#spring#perennial#green#brown#acidic soil#wildlife plant#purple flowers#wildflowers#corm#shade tolerant#yellow flowers#corms#nectar plant#specialized bees#NC native#shade#pollinator plant#early spring flowers
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#purple#yellow#partial shade#spring#perennial#green#brown#acidic soil#wildlife plant#purple flowers#wildflowers#corm#shade tolerant#yellow flowers#corms#nectar plant#specialized bees#NC native#shade#pollinator plant#early spring flowers
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Erythronium
    Species:
    americanum
    Family:
    Liliaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern Canada to North Central & Eastern U.S.A
    Wildlife Value:
    Members of the genus Erythronium support the following specialized bee: Andrena (Leucandrena) erythronii.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    insect pests, diseases, shade
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Wildflower
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Description:
    A capsule that splits to release two or more seeds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    The yellow 1.5 in. bell-shaped flower on a stalk has six petals/ perianth parts that may curve backward at the tip and are often tinged with purple on the back.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    This plant has a pair of elliptic leaves 4-6 in. long. The leaves are pale green and mottled with purplish-brown.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Riparian
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Pollinator Garden
    Shade Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Diseases
    Insect Pests