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Digitalis purpurea

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
dij-ee-TAH-liss pur-PUR-ee-ah
This plant has high severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Foxglove is a European import with tall, bold blooms in many colors. It prefers moist, well-drained soil high in organic matter that should not be allowed to dry out. Foxglove does best with afternoon shade. It is a biennial,  having only a rosette of leaves the first year. The second-year a tall spike appears with showy blooms on a densely packed one-side raceme. Deadhead after flowering to avoid excessive numbers of seedlings, but some flowers must go to seed to maintain a permanent planting as if they were perennials.

Use to add a bold, vertical dimension to the perennial flower bed. They are attractive in front of walls and shrubs and planted in mass. Attracts bumblebees and hummingbirds.

Cultivars:
  • 'Foxy'
    hort-statured selection (2-3 feet in flower) that blooms reliably from seed the first year with white, cream and rose blooms.
  • 'Temple Bells'
    dwarf plants with spikes of yellow, tubular flowers marked with brown
Tags:
#purple#white#butterflies#pink#sun#showy flowers#yellow#pollinators#poisonous#partial shade#annual#summer#spring#biennial#perennial
Cultivars:
  • 'Foxy'
    hort-statured selection (2-3 feet in flower) that blooms reliably from seed the first year with white, cream and rose blooms.
  • 'Temple Bells'
    dwarf plants with spikes of yellow, tubular flowers marked with brown
Tags:
#purple#white#butterflies#pink#sun#showy flowers#yellow#pollinators#poisonous#partial shade#annual#summer#spring#biennial#perennial
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Digitalis
    Species:
    purpurea
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Used to treat heart conditions
    Life Cycle:
    Biennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 6 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Perennial
    Poisonous
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Dense
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Rounded fruit capsule which splits open at maturity to release the numerous small brown, ridged seeds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Funnel
    Tubular
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Blooms grow on tall spikes as a 1-sided raceme with blooms closely grouped together. They are 2-3 inch long tubular flowers and come in multiple colors of white, pinks and purple with purple and white spots inside the petals.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Hairy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The first year it forms a tight rosette of coarse leaves with prominent veins that are up to a foot long and covered with gray-white hairs on the upper surface and are wooly or hairy below. The clump remains low and close to the ground. In the second year, an upright flower stem with smaller leaves is produced from the center of the basal clump.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Rock Wall
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Cottage Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Rabbits
    Problems:
    Poisonous
    Problem for Children
  • Poison:
    Poison Severity:
    High
    Poison Symptoms:
    Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, severe headache, irregular and slow pulse, tremors, unusual color visions, convulsions
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    cardiac glycosides
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Flowers
    Leaves
    Roots
    Stems