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Spider Lily Crinum

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This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Crinums are great summer-flowering bulbs that have graced Southern landscapes for years. They lend a bit of nostalgia and add a delightful tropical touch to gardens. Their foliage is lustrous and statuesque, providing a pleasing contrast to finer-textured ornamentals.

This member of the amaryllis family is one of the more cold-hardy bulbs (injured below 25 degrees F / 2 degrees C), and it can be safely planted in the eastern regions of our mountains. Those living in the far western regions of North Carolina can grow crinums in containers that can be brought inside for the winter. Plant crinums in April and continuing through late October. They thrive in sunny locations, provided the soil is moist, or in filtered shade. Protect from strong wind.  When looking for plants that grow well in woodland shade gardens, consider C. moorei.

Newly planted crinums need to settle in for a season or two before they begin blooming freely. They do not like to be disturbed. After the first flowering season, apply a high-phosphorus fertilizer in mid-May each year. Provide plenty of water during the bloom period if there is a drought. After 4 to 5 years, remove the offsets and replant to enlarge your collection or to share with a gardening friend.

Sometimes called a Cemetery plant, it was often used in cemeteries in past centuries.  

Division is an excellent form of propagation.  Divided plants will flower more quickly than when planting from offshoot bulbs.  Division should be accomplished in the winter months when the plant is not actively growing.  

CAUSES ONLY LOW TOXICITY IF EATEN.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Crinums can be affected by red blotch fungus or crinum mosaic potyvirus.  Red blotch fungus will cause red spots on the leaves, while mosaic potyvirus will cause yellow streaks.  Spider mites are an occasional issue as well as the Eastern lubber grasshopper  

See this plant in the following landscape:
Border Garden- Pathway
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Alba'
    White flowers
  • 'Album'
    White flowers
  • 'Bradley'
    Dark Pink flowers
  • 'Cintho Alfa'
    Pink-white striped flowers
  • 'Creole' - Crinum scabrum
    Dark pink flowers
  • Crinum americanum Form
    Swap Lily
  • 'Elizabeth Traub'
    Dark rose-pink flowers with white throat
  • 'Ellen Bosanquet'
    Deep pink flowers
  • 'Milk and Wine'
    Pink striped flowers
  • 'Mrs. James Hendry'
  • 'Rubra'
    Wine-red flowers
  • 'Stars and Stripes'
    Pink-white striped flowers
'Alba', 'Album', 'Bradley', 'Cintho Alfa', 'Creole' - Crinum scabrum, Crinum americanum, 'Elizabeth Traub', 'Ellen Bosanquet', 'Milk and Wine', 'Mrs. James Hendry', 'Rubra', 'Stars and Stripes'
Tags:
#hummingbirds#bulb#showy flowers#poisonous#fragrant flowers#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#frost tender#salt tolerant#showy leaves#deer resistant#long lifespan#poor soils tolerant#humidity tolerant#urban conditions tolerant#clay soils tolerant#butterfly friendly#woodland garden#container plant#wet soils intolerant#butterflies#container
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Alba'
    White flowers
  • 'Album'
    White flowers
  • 'Bradley'
    Dark Pink flowers
  • 'Cintho Alfa'
    Pink-white striped flowers
  • 'Creole' - Crinum scabrum
    Dark pink flowers
  • Crinum americanum Form
    Swap Lily
  • 'Elizabeth Traub'
    Dark rose-pink flowers with white throat
  • 'Ellen Bosanquet'
    Deep pink flowers
  • 'Milk and Wine'
    Pink striped flowers
  • 'Mrs. James Hendry'
  • 'Rubra'
    Wine-red flowers
  • 'Stars and Stripes'
    Pink-white striped flowers
'Alba', 'Album', 'Bradley', 'Cintho Alfa', 'Creole' - Crinum scabrum, Crinum americanum, 'Elizabeth Traub', 'Ellen Bosanquet', 'Milk and Wine', 'Mrs. James Hendry', 'Rubra', 'Stars and Stripes'
Tags:
#hummingbirds#bulb#showy flowers#poisonous#fragrant flowers#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#frost tender#salt tolerant#showy leaves#deer resistant#long lifespan#poor soils tolerant#humidity tolerant#urban conditions tolerant#clay soils tolerant#butterfly friendly#woodland garden#container plant#wet soils intolerant#butterflies#container
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Crinum
    Family:
    Amaryllidaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Bulb
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Tropics & Subtropics of Asia, Australia, Africa and the Americas
    Wildlife Value:
    Butterflies and hummingbirds are attracted to the flowers.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Easy to Grow
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    This plant is moderately salt tolerant, and is seldom damaged by deer.
    Bulb Storage:
    Store bulbs in slightly moist sand at 35-45 degrees F (2-7 degrees C); if grown indoors in a container, place in a bright, cool [55 degrees F, 13 degrees C) night temperature room
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 2 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Bulb
    Poisonous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a, 10b, 10a
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Good Cut
    Long Bloom Season
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Funnel
    Trumpet
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    Lily-like flowers (to 4” wide and long), ranging in shape from bell-shaped to spider-like, bloom in clusters in summer atop leafless stalks.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Fleshy
    Leathery
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The coarse, sword-like green basal leaves form in a spiral fashion.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    The leafless stems are called scapes. They are sturdy and rigid.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Container
    Houseplants
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Cutting Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Heat
    Humidity
    Salt
    Urban Conditions
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Nausea, stomach pain, vomiting, and diarrhea.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Alkaloids
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Sap/Juice
    Stems