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Himalayan Cedar Cedrus deodara

Other Common Name(s):

Other plants called Himalayan Cedar:

Phonetic Spelling
SEE-drus dee-oh-DAR-uh
Description

The Deodar Cedar is a fine textured evergreen tree that makes a good substitute for white pine.  Its form is broadly pyramidal when young, its pendulous branches become wide and spreading, as its central leader often dies out. Transplanted it easily if it has been root pruned.  Plant it in a well-drained and somewhat dry, sunny location with protection from winds. Considered to be one of the most graceful conifers, it works well in landscape groupings or as a screen. This tree is resistant to damage by deer and is moderately salt tolerant.   

Growing at a moderate rate of 13' to 24' per year, this tree typically reaches heights of 50', however, in their native habitats, they can reach heights of up to 150' to 200'.

With its lower branches removed, it makes an attractive, interesting street tree. Due to its messy habits, placement as a street tree should include considering the distance from sidewalks and street paving.   

An aromatic oil is produced by this conifer.  The oil naturally deters insects.  

Quick ID Hints:

  • needles, elongate, pliable, 1-2"
  • grayish-green color, light blue apically
  • needles multiple on dwarf shoots
  • male cones gigantic, erect
  • all Cedrus genus member have new needles that are born singly on stems
  • needles are triangular to quadrangular in cross-section
  • female wood barrel-shaped cones sit on top of the branches

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Susceptible to beetle borers, arillaira, phytophthora, root rot and sooty mold.

Those will allergies may have a reaction.

Dry fruit from the tree is an litter issue.

Needs to be protected from strong winds.

 

 

See this plant in the following landscapes:
Asian Garden- Bridge
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Albospica'
    Silver/white foliage, slow growing.
  • 'Aurea'
    Yellow or golden foliage, upright.
  • 'Bush's Electra'
    Yellow/green needles, ascending branches.
  • 'Devinely Blue' Cedrus deodara 'Devinely Blue'
    Blue-green to powder blue foliage sits on branches with drooping tips
  • 'Eisregen'
    Cold hardy, blue/green foliage.
  • 'Electra Blue'
    Medium growth rate, light, yellow/green needles in spring.
  • 'Feelin' Blue'
    Bluish foliage, prostrate dwarf.
  • 'Glacier Blue'
    Dwarf with bluish foliage.
  • 'Gold Cascade'
    Yellow/gold foliage, dwarf.
  • 'Gold Cone'
    Golden outer needles, bluish/green inner needles.
  • 'Golden Horizon'
    Yellow/gold foliage, shrubby form.
  • 'Karl Fuchs' Cedrus deodara 'Karl Fuchs'
    Blue/gray needles, 10'
  • 'Kashmir'
    Cold hardy, blue green needles, 25'.
  • 'Mylor'
    Dwarf habit.
  • 'Pendula' Cedrus deodara 'Pendula'
    Tumbling, pendulous growth
  • 'Prostrate Beauty'
    Low growing, dense/mounding/spreading form. Bluish foliage.
  • 'Shalimar'
    Cold-hardy
  • 'Siberspitz'
    Upright, short thin needles tinges with silvery/white.
  • 'Silver Mist'
    White/silver foliage, dwarf.
  • 'Snow Sprite' Cedrus deodara 'Snow Sprite'
    Globular form
'Albospica', 'Aurea', 'Bush's Electra', 'Devinely Blue', 'Eisregen', 'Electra Blue', 'Feelin' Blue', 'Glacier Blue', 'Gold Cascade', 'Gold Cone', 'Golden Horizon', 'Karl Fuchs', 'Kashmir', 'Mylor', 'Pendula', 'Prostrate Beauty', 'Shalimar', 'Siberspitz', 'Silver Mist', 'Snow Sprite'
Tags:
#evergreen#sculptural#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#blue green needles#conifer#bonsai#showy leaves#salt spray tolerant#messy#cpp#spreading#deer resistant#long lifespan#screening#fantz#messy fruits#humidity tolerant#wet soil intolerant#litter
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Albospica'
    Silver/white foliage, slow growing.
  • 'Aurea'
    Yellow or golden foliage, upright.
  • 'Bush's Electra'
    Yellow/green needles, ascending branches.
  • 'Devinely Blue' Cedrus deodara 'Devinely Blue'
    Blue-green to powder blue foliage sits on branches with drooping tips
  • 'Eisregen'
    Cold hardy, blue/green foliage.
  • 'Electra Blue'
    Medium growth rate, light, yellow/green needles in spring.
  • 'Feelin' Blue'
    Bluish foliage, prostrate dwarf.
  • 'Glacier Blue'
    Dwarf with bluish foliage.
  • 'Gold Cascade'
    Yellow/gold foliage, dwarf.
  • 'Gold Cone'
    Golden outer needles, bluish/green inner needles.
  • 'Golden Horizon'
    Yellow/gold foliage, shrubby form.
  • 'Karl Fuchs' Cedrus deodara 'Karl Fuchs'
    Blue/gray needles, 10'
  • 'Kashmir'
    Cold hardy, blue green needles, 25'.
  • 'Mylor'
    Dwarf habit.
  • 'Pendula' Cedrus deodara 'Pendula'
    Tumbling, pendulous growth
  • 'Prostrate Beauty'
    Low growing, dense/mounding/spreading form. Bluish foliage.
  • 'Shalimar'
    Cold-hardy
  • 'Siberspitz'
    Upright, short thin needles tinges with silvery/white.
  • 'Silver Mist'
    White/silver foliage, dwarf.
  • 'Snow Sprite' Cedrus deodara 'Snow Sprite'
    Globular form
'Albospica', 'Aurea', 'Bush's Electra', 'Devinely Blue', 'Eisregen', 'Electra Blue', 'Feelin' Blue', 'Glacier Blue', 'Gold Cascade', 'Gold Cone', 'Golden Horizon', 'Karl Fuchs', 'Kashmir', 'Mylor', 'Pendula', 'Prostrate Beauty', 'Shalimar', 'Siberspitz', 'Silver Mist', 'Snow Sprite'
Tags:
#evergreen#sculptural#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#blue green needles#conifer#bonsai#showy leaves#salt spray tolerant#messy#cpp#spreading#deer resistant#long lifespan#screening#fantz#messy fruits#humidity tolerant#wet soil intolerant#litter
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Cedrus
    Species:
    deodara
    Family:
    Pinaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North Eastern Afghanistan to Western Nepal and NW. India
    Fire Risk Rating:
    high flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Squirrels frequent this trees cones. Birds, including the woodpecker, as well as small mammals use it for nesting, cover and a source of food.
    Play Value:
    Buffer
    Screening
    Textural
    Wildlife Cover/Habitat
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Nesting
    Dimensions:
    Height: 30 ft. 0 in. - 50 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 30 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Conical
    Pyramidal
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    High
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Blue
    Green
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Spring
    Fruit Length:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Male cones are solitary on short branchlets, ovoid, or oblong ovoid, 3-4" long by approximately 2" broad; apex rounded. They are typically numerous on the lower branches. They will fall to the ground in the fall after releasing clouds of yellow pollen. 3-4 in. bluish green cones on female trees.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Description:
    No flowers. Each tree has separate male and female reproductive parts.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Prickly
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Filiform
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    1-2 in. blue-green, sharp pointed needles; 15 to 20 per whorl. Needle-like, glaucous or silvery, sharply pointed.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Fissured
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Spur like stems.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Lawn
    Meadow
    Recreational Play Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Hedge
    Screen/Privacy
    Small groups
    Specimen
    Street Tree
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Heat
    Humidity
    Salt
    Problems:
    Messy