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Vinca Catharanthus roseus

Other plants called Vinca:

Phonetic Spelling
kath-ah-RAN-thus RO-zee-us
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Catharanthus roseus [Vinca roseus]. Evergreen, erect to spreading herbaceous tender perennial to 4' tall, frequently planted as an annual; non cold hardy, thus treated as an annual. Flowers with slender tube and 5 spreading lobes, rose-pink, white, or white with a reddish eye.

CAUSES ONLY LOW TOXICITY IF EATEN.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Salverform flowers with 5 glandular dots on upper corolla tube
  • Twin elongated fruits from one calyx
  • Glossy foliage borne in pairs on stem

Blooms all summer from July through September; fruits quickly formed during blooming season, resembling a "V" or victory sign; easily identified bedding plant by its salverform corollas with 5 glands on the tube & distinct fruits; attractive with glossy foliage and blooms during heat stress. 

Sun to partial shade; soil moist & well-drained; seed sown in March in warm temperastures, planted out in early June; utilized as a ground cover in beds, bedding, borders.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Apricot Cooler Improved'
  • 'Aztec Pink Magic'
  • 'Blue Pearl'
  • 'Cooler Icy Pink'
  • 'Cooler Orchid'
  • 'Cooler Peppermint'
  • 'Experimental Dee'
Tags:
#purple#red#white#butterflies#pink#sun#poisonous#partial shade#annual#summer#spring#perennial#salmon#fall interest#cpp#herbaceous#spreading#groundcover#borders#pollinator plant#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Apricot Cooler Improved'
  • 'Aztec Pink Magic'
  • 'Blue Pearl'
  • 'Cooler Icy Pink'
  • 'Cooler Orchid'
  • 'Cooler Peppermint'
  • 'Experimental Dee'
Tags:
#purple#red#white#butterflies#pink#sun#poisonous#partial shade#annual#summer#spring#perennial#salmon#fall interest#cpp#herbaceous#spreading#groundcover#borders#pollinator plant#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Catharanthus
    Species:
    roseus
    Family:
    Apocynaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Madagascar
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Moderate to high drought tolerance. This plant is seldom damaged by deer.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 8 in. - 0 ft. 10 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Poisonous
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Semi-evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Spreading
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Follicle
    Fruit Description:
    fruits long, slender, often paired. Elongate follicles within one persisting calyx.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Axillary, solitary, rosy-pink to mauve to reddish, or white; calyx green, tube slender, lobes subulate; corolla salverform, bearing 5 glands apically on tube, lobes often with prominent eyespot at throat; ovary two-chambered splitting apart in fruit.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Semi-evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Smooth
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Oblong
    Spatulate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves opposite, simple, smooth-margined. Oblong to elliptic-oblong to oblong-spatulate, glabrous, glossy with a pale midrib.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Erect to decumbent, upturned apically; lateral branches ascending.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Patio
    Recreational Play Area
    Small Space
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Border
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Hallucinations
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Alkaloid
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Seeds
    Stems