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Bitternut Hickory Carya cordiformis

Phonetic Spelling
KAIR-yuh kord-ih-FOR-miss
Description

Native; has striking yellow buds

This plant is shade intolerant-intermediate.

Form: Irregular, cylindrical crown; stiff, ascending branches

 

Site: Sun to partial shade; range of soil types

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#NC native#Braham Arboretum
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#NC native#Braham Arboretum
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Carya
    Species:
    cordiformis
    Family:
    Juglandaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Used to smoke ham and bacon
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern Canada to Central & Eastern U.S.A
    Distribution:
    Northeast Canada west to NE, south to TX and east to FL
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Ascending
    Irregular
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Description:
    Bitter nuts
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Spike
    Flower Description:
    3-4 drooping catkin in male flowers with 3 hanging from 1 stalk, short 4-angled terminal spike female flowers.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    6-10 in. alternate, pinnately compound leaves with 5-9 leaflets
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Furrowed
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Thin tight and hard bark initially smooth and grey with shallow furrows with age
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No