Plant DetailShow Menu

Similar but less problematic plants:
Arisaema ringens Arisaema ringens
Arisaema triphyllum is often confused with:
Arisaema ringens Arisaema ringens
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Trillium erectum Flowers
Viola macloskeyi Viola macloskeyi
Trillium undulatum Trillium undulatum

Memory root Arisaema triphyllum

Phonetic Spelling
air-ih-SAY-mah try-FY-lum
This plant has high severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Arisaema triphyllum, commonly called Jack-in-the-pulpit, is a spring woodland wildflower usually growing 1- 2' tall. Flowering plants initially produce only male flowers but become hermaphroditic as they further age (male flowers on the upper part of spadix and female on lower part). Most plants in a colony will vanish by mid-summer (become dormant), but the mature, hermaphroditic flowering plant will produce a cluster of red berries in mid to late summer which becomes visible as the spathe withers. Roots contain calcium oxalate (same chemical as in Diffenbachia or dumb cane) and are poisonous.

Jack-in-the-pulpit is best grown in fertile, medium to wet soil in part shade to full shade. It needs constantly moist soil rich in organic matter. It does poorly in heavy clay soils. It may be grown from seed, but takes five years for the plant to flower. This plant is generally found in a forest or natural area in moist woods, along creeks, or in the landscape, as cultivated herbaceous perennial.

Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating.

Seasons of Interest: 

  Blooms:   Spring           Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Summer 

 

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Wild Side- A Shady Garden
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple#white#deciduous#poisonous#partial shade#heavy shade#perennial#green#red berries#wildlife plant#deep shade#shade tolerant#spring flowers#berries#wet sites#stream banks#moist soil#food source#low flammability#NC native#organic soils#deer resistant#spadix#turtles#stripes#native garden#fire resistant#spring interest#edible garden#native wildflower#wildflower garden#food source summer#food source fall#food source pollen#Coastal FACW#Piedmont Mountains FACW#bird friendly#food source soft mast fruit#HS302#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses#tropical feel#audubon#woodlands
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple#white#deciduous#poisonous#partial shade#heavy shade#perennial#green#red berries#wildlife plant#deep shade#shade tolerant#spring flowers#berries#wet sites#stream banks#moist soil#food source#low flammability#NC native#organic soils#deer resistant#spadix#turtles#stripes#native garden#fire resistant#spring interest#edible garden#native wildflower#wildflower garden#food source summer#food source fall#food source pollen#Coastal FACW#Piedmont Mountains FACW#bird friendly#food source soft mast fruit#HS302#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses#tropical feel#audubon#woodlands
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Arisaema
    Species:
    triphyllum
    Family:
    Araceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Central & E. Canada to Central & E. U.S.A
    Distribution:
    Throughout
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    The fruits are eaten by songbirds and eastern box turtles.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    heavy shade, deer, wet soil, fire in the landscape
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herb
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Poisonous
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Description:
    Bright red, berry-like fruit. Displays from June to October.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Spadix
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Jack-in-the-pulpit has club-like spadix with tiny flowers at the base, with green or purple hood, often marked with whitish stripes (though it could have purple or brown stripes on a green hood). Blooms from March to April. More specifically, the flower structure consists of the spadix (Jack) which is an erect spike containing numerous, tiny, green to purple flowers and the sheath-like spathe (pulpit) which encases the lower part of the spadix and then opens to form a hood extending over the top of the spadix. The outside of the spathe is usually green or purple, and the inside is usually striped purple and greenish white, though considerable color variations exist.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Jack-in-the-pulpit has one to two leaves, originating at the base of the stem that is divided into three almost equal leaflets. More specifically, two large green, compound, long-petioled leaves (1-1.5' long), divided into three leaflets each, emanate upward from a single stalk and provide umbrella-like shade to the flower. The fleshy stalk and leaves lend an almost tropical aura to the plant.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Reptiles
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Fire
    Heavy Shade
    Wet Soil
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
    Problem for Cats
    Problem for Dogs
    Problem for Horses
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    High
    Poison Symptoms:
    CAUSES SEVERE PAIN IN THE MOUTH IF EATEN! Poisonous through ingestion. (Poisonous parts: all parts). Symptoms may include: Irritation and swelling of lips, tongue, and throat, excessive drooling, and vomiting (not horses). [For example, the roots contain calcium oxalate (same chemical as in Diffenbachia or dumb cane) and are poisonous.]
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Calcium oxalate crystals
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Bark
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Seeds
    Stems