- Common Name(s):
- Common cottonwood, Cottonwood, Eastern cottonwood, Eastern poplar, Poplar
- Shrubs, Trees
Common cottonwood, in the Salicaceae family, is a large, fast-growing tree or shrub reaching over 60 feet at maturity. It can be weedy as seedlings and produce copious root sprouts. Leaves are alternate, simple, 3 to 5 inches long, triangular, with serrated margins and flattened petioles. Fruit is a capsule with seeds surrounded by cotton-like hairs that facilitate wind and water dispersal.
Easy to transplant; short lived; messy tree; brittle wood; use with caution.
Management of Populus deltoides: Tree and shrub seedlings are not well managed by preemergence herbicides, and selective postemergence controls are not available. Hand pull seedlings when small.
- 75-100 ft.
- Nonshowy flowers; cottony mass
- Sun; range of soil types; drought and air pollution tolerant
- Pyramidal in youth; broad vase with open branches with age; becomes ragged and irregular
- 50-75 ft.
- Growth Rate:
- 3 to 5 in. alternate, simple medium green leaves; modest fall color
NCCES plant id: 2124