- Common Name(s):
- Coral honeysuckle, Honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle
- Alabama Crimson, Dropmore Scarlet, Cedar Lane, Flava, Leo, Sulfurea (yellow), John Clayton , Superba, Major Wheeler
- Groundcover, Native Plants, Vines, Wildflowers
Lonicera sempervirens, commonly called trumpet honeysuckle, is a vigorous, deciduous, twining vine which typically grows 10-15' (less frequently to 20') and is one of the showiest of the vining honeysuckles. It is primarily native to the southeastern U.S., but has escaped from gardens and naturalized in many other areas of the eastern U.S. Its bark is smooth and green with a slight fuzzyness when young. As the vine ages, the bark turns brown and begins to flake.
It is excellent for natural, low-maintenance areas. This vine is moderately salt tolerant.
High nitrogen fertilizer will produce foliage at the expense of flowers. This plant is noninvasive.
Regions: Piedmont, Coastal plains
Seasons of Interest:
Blooms: Early spring/spring/summer Nut/Fruit/Seed: Late summer/fall
Wildlife Value: This plant is moderately resistant to damage by deer. Its flowers are attractive to hummingbirds, bees, butterflies and some moth pollinators. The larve is food for the spring azure butterfly. Its fruit is eaten by songbirds. The foilage may be eaten by white-tailed deer.
Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: Powdery mildew and leaf spots may occur, particularly in hot and humid summer climates such as the St. Louis area. Watch for aphids.
- Spring, summer
- 15-25 feet
- The Trumpet honeysuckle has opposite, oval, bluish-green leaves that are glaucous (of a dull grayish-green or blue color) beneath. The leaves have a smooth margin. This vine is evergreen in the warm winter climates of the deep South.
- The Trumpet honeysuckle has large, non-fragrant, narrow, trumpet-shaped flowers that are scarlet to orangish red on the outside and yellowish inside. The John Clayton cultivar has yellow blooms. Its flowers appear in late spring at stem ends in whorled clusters. They are attractive to hummingbirds, butterflies and bees. The inedible red berries that form in late summer to early fall and can be ornamentally attractive. The small red berries are attractive to birds. This plant flowers on new growth.
- Evergreen to deciduous
- Trumpet honeysuckle is easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun. It will grow in some shade, but best flowering is in full sun. Does best in humusy, organically rich soils with good drainage. This is a twining vine that needs a support structure upon which to grow unless allowed to sprawl as a ground cover. Prune as needed immediately after flowering.
- Twining vine
- Sun to partial shade
- Berries (red, black) attract birds
- Growth Rate:
- Climbing Method:
- Life Cycle:
- Perennial vine
NCCES plant id: 320