- Common Name(s):
- American hazelnut
- Edible Plants, Native Plants, Shrubs
Corylus americana, commonly called the American hazelnut is a low maintenance deciduous shrub from the Betulaceae family. Showy blooms appear March-April. Fall foliage color is variable, ranging from attractive combinations of orange, rose, purplish red, yellow and green to undistinguished, dull yellowish green. Tolerates clay soil. Can be used as a screen or a background plant in a bed but looks best in a woodland or naturalized garden where it can be allowed to spread. The bark is gray-brown and smooth with a criss-cross netted pattern.
Regions: Mountain, Piedmont
Seasons of Interest:
Leaf: Fall Blooms: Winter/early spring Nut/Fruit/Seed: Late summer/fall
Wildlife Value: This plant suffers damage from deer. The nuts are eaten by songbirds, ruffed grouse, quail, wild turkeys, chipmunks, black bears, foxes, white-tailed deer, skunks, and squirrels. The twigs and leaves are browsed by white-tailed deer.
Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems: Can be visited by scale, leafhoppers and various foliage-eating caterpillars. Has occasional problems with leaf spots, blight, and crown gall.
- 10-16 ft.
- The leaves of the American hazelnut are ovate, double-toothed, and dark green (3-6" long). Its fall color is quite variable, ranging from attractive combinations of orange, rose, purplish red, yellow and green to undistinguished, dull yellowish green.
- The American hazelnut is monoecious. The male flowers appear in showy, 2-3" long, yellow-brown catkins and female flowers appear in small, reddish, inconspicuous catkins. Female flowers give way to small, egg-shaped, 1/2" long, edible nuts (maturing July-August) which are encased in leafy, ragged-edged bracts.
- Deciduous shrub
- The American hazelnut is easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Prompt removal of root suckers will help maintain plant appearance, and, if desired, help prevent thicket formation.
- Full sun, part shade
- The nuts are similar in flavor to the European filbert, and may be roasted and eaten or ground into flour, but are also commonly left for the squirrels and birds.
- 8-13 ft.
NCCES plant id: 3190