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American Hazelnut Corylus americana

Description

Corylus americana, commonly called the American hazelnut is a low maintenance deciduous shrub from the Betulaceae family.  Showy blooms appear March-April.   Fall foliage color is variable, ranging from attractive combinations of orange, rose, purplish red, yellow and green to undistinguished, dull yellowish green. Tolerates clay soil.  Can be used as a screen or a background plant in a bed but looks best in a woodland or naturalized garden where it can be allowed to spread.  The bark is gray-brown and smooth with a criss-cross netted pattern.

Regions:  Mountain, Piedmont

Seasons of Interest: 

  Leaf:  Fall                   Blooms:  Winter/early spring            Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Late summer/fall

Wildlife Value:  This plant suffers damage from deer.  The nuts are eaten by songbirds, ruffed grouse, quail, wild turkeys, chipmunks, black bears, foxes, white-tailed deer, skunks, and squirrels.  The twigs and leaves are browsed by white-tailed deer.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems:  Can be visited by scale, leafhoppers and various foliage-eating caterpillars. Has occasional problems with leaf spots, blight, and crown gall.

Cultivars:
Tags:
#showy flowers#deciduous#songbirds#edible fruit#shrub#low maintenance#hedge#low flammability#fire resistant
Cultivars:
Tags:
#showy flowers#deciduous#songbirds#edible fruit#shrub#low maintenance#hedge#low flammability#fire resistant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Corylus
    Species:
    americana
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    fire in the landscape.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Orange
    Purple/Lavender
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Design Feature:
    Hedge
    Attracts:
    Songbirds