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American Hazelnut Corylus americana

Phonetic Spelling
kor-EE-lus a-mer-ih-KAY-na
Description

Corylus americana, commonly called the American hazelnut is a low maintenance deciduous shrub from the Betulaceae family.  Showy blooms appear March-April.   Fall foliage color is variable, ranging from attractive combinations of orange, rose, purplish red, yellow and green to undistinguished, dull yellowish green. Tolerates clay soil.  Can be used as a screen or a background plant in a bed but looks best in a woodland or naturalized garden where it can be allowed to spread. 

Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating.

Seasons of Interest: 

  Leaf:  Fall                   Blooms:  Winter/early spring            Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Late summer/fall

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems:  Can be visited by scale, leafhoppers and various foliage-eating caterpillars. Has occasional problems with leaf spots, blight, and crown gall.  This plant suffers damage from deer

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#deciduous#songbirds#shrub#wildlife plant#low maintenance#hedge#food source#low flammability#NC native#quail#fire resistant#woodland#edible fruits#background#Braham Arboretum#turkey#naturalized area
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#deciduous#songbirds#shrub#wildlife plant#low maintenance#hedge#food source#low flammability#NC native#quail#fire resistant#woodland#edible fruits#background#Braham Arboretum#turkey#naturalized area
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Corylus
    Species:
    americana
    Family:
    Betulaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    United State and Canada
    Distribution:
    Eastern and Mid United States into Canada
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    The nuts are eaten by songbirds, ruffed grouse, quail, wild turkeys, chipmunks, black bears, foxes, white-tailed deer, skunks, and squirrels.  The twigs and leaves are browsed by white-tailed deer.
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    fire in the landscape.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Occasionally Dry
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Fruit matures into a globe-shaped (edible) nut ½ inch in diameter with a leafy covering between July-August
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Males flower in yellow or light brown catkins 1-3 inches. Female flowers are inconspicuous along the stem with red stigma at tip of the bud.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Orange
    Purple/Lavender
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Alternate, simple leaf, broadly oval with heart- shaped or rounded base, doubly serrated margin
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Bark is light grayish brown and smooth with a criss-cross pattern as it ages. Outer thin layer becomes slightly grooved
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Design Feature:
    Hedge
    Attracts:
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Fire