- Common Name(s):
- Black alder, Common alder, European alder
Has naturalized along streams; tough adoptable plant; few pest problems; tolerates short term flooding; flower and fruiting best in full sun; easy to transplant; dislikes summer heat
- 40-60 ft.
- 2 to 4 in. yellow-brown to red-brown catkins (male flowers); female flowers on short purplish brown strobili which persist until winter
- Sun to partial shade; range of soil types including wet, dry and infertile soil
- Pyramidal in youth; rounded crown with age; often multi-stemmed
- 20-40 ft.
- Growth Rate:
- 2 to 4.5 in. alternate, rounded, shiny, green leaves; non-showy fall color
NCCES plant id: 1907