Plant DetailShow Menu

Achillea millefolium is often confused with:
Tanacetum vulgare Tanacetum vulgare
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Leucanthemum vulgare Leucanthemum vulgare
Monarda didyma plant with Lantana camara 'Miss Huff' in summer in Moore County
Salvia farinacea Salvia farinacea 'Victoria Blue'

Common Yarrow Achillea millefolium

This plant has medium severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Introduced to America from Europe in colonial times, this perennial prefers well-drained soil and full sun.  It is often found naturalizing in fields and along roadsides.  It is a wonderful wildlife plant that attracts butterflies.   Makes excellent cut or dried arrangements. Cultivars come in many colors.  Very easy to divide.  This plant is moderately salt tolerant. Plants can spread aggressively by rhizomes and they self-seed regularly and can easily naturalize.  After initial bloom, it can be dead-headed back to a lateral flower bud to encourage rebloom.  It is generally too weedy to use in borders but works well as a flowering ground cover in meadows, prairies, and naturalized areas. It can even be a lawn alternative in sunny areas with little foot traffic just mow at a high setting with a rotary mower when it gets too tall. It can be unattractive by the end of summer after it blooms so can be pruned back severely or mowed with a rotary mower on the highest setting in naturalized areas.  Divide clumps every three years as needed.  Cultivars cover a range of flower colors including pinks, reds, creams, yellows and bicolor pastels.

The finely divided, pinnatifid to decompoundly pinnatifid, gives the leaves a soft fern-like texture, attractive when the erect flowering branches are not in season; bloom is from mid to late summer, to early fall; tendency to spread in beds.

Family name Asteraceae (Compositae)

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Stem rot, powdery mildew are rare.  Stems can be weak. Wind and rain can flatten plantings, spreads aggressively.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Leaves pinnatifid, fern-like in appearance.
  • Inflorescence terminal, small heads in dense umbel.
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • Fireland
  • Paprika
    Dusty Red Flowers with yellow centers
  • Peachy Seduction
    Peachy-pink Color
  • 'Red Velvet'
    Fade resistant red flowers
  • Salmon Beauty
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#red#white#sun#yellow#partial shade#summer#spring#perennial#herbs#wildlife plant#wildflowers#weedy#fragrant leaves#nectar plant#cut flowers#salt tolerant#lawn alternative#cottage garden#meadow#ncemgva2018#cpp#naturalizes#pollinator plant#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • Fireland
  • Paprika
    Dusty Red Flowers with yellow centers
  • Peachy Seduction
    Peachy-pink Color
  • 'Red Velvet'
    Fade resistant red flowers
  • Salmon Beauty
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#red#white#sun#yellow#partial shade#summer#spring#perennial#herbs#wildlife plant#wildflowers#weedy#fragrant leaves#nectar plant#cut flowers#salt tolerant#lawn alternative#cottage garden#meadow#ncemgva2018#cpp#naturalizes#pollinator plant#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Achillea
    Species:
    millefolium
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Used for medicinal purposes by Native Americans to break a fever, soothe a rash, or treat hemorrhaging or stomach aches.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe, western Asia, North America
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts butterflies and bees.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 2 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 10 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Herb
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Prostrate
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Medium
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Corymb
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Good Dried
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    June to September numerous long-lasting tiny flowers in corymbs. Minute; ray flowers white, red to pink, yellow; disc flowers dull yellowish.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Soft
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Good Dried
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Oblong
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Narrowly oblong to lance-shaped aromatic with a strong spicy aroma. Deeply divided fern-like, medium green foliage. In a basal rosette with cauline leaves alternate, simple, pinnatifid and deeply divided, lanceolate to oblanceolate to linear; petioles elongate on lower leaves to sessile on upper leaves.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Cottage Garden
    Garden for the Blind
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Dry Soil
    Heat
    Humidity
    Pollution
    Salt
    Problems:
    Problem for Cats
    Problem for Dogs
    Problem for Horses
    Weedy
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Medium
    Poison Symptoms:
    Toxic to dogs, cats and horses.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Unknown
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Flowers
    Leaves