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Acer platanoides

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
AY-ser pla-tan-OY-dees
Description

Shallow roots make it difficult to grow plants underneath; easy to transplant; tolerates air pollution and city conditions; sensitive to 2 4-D herbicide; there are plant improved cultivars. Learn more about "Acer platanoides 'Stand Fast'"

An easy growing excellent shade or street tree that tolerates heat, drought, urban conditions and pollution.  It has a symmetrical, rounded crown and has been used widely as a tree in urban areas of the United States though it is not recommended for many areas now.  Prefers full sun to partial shade, a wide range of soils but must be well trained and maintain a medium moisture level.  It freely reseeds itself, so be aware you may be pulling up seedlings.  Cultivars may offer best choice for landscaping. It is noted that this species should be given considerable room, as it covers large areas. 

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious problems.  Susceptible to verticillium wilt. Young tree bark may suffer from sun scald or frost damage.  Its canopy is dense and it has shallow roots which make it very challenging to grown anything under the drip line of the tree.  It can be especially bothersome planted near grass, sidewalks or walkways.

Quick ID Hints:

opposite

5-lobed with sharp points

hairs in axils of veins

Cultivars:
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#large shade tree#yellow#shade tree#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#large tree
Cultivars:
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#large shade tree#yellow#shade tree#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#large tree
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Acer
    Species:
    platanoides
    Family:
    Sapindaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Northeastern Europe
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Enhancement
    Dimensions:
    Height: 40 ft. 0 in. - 50 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 30 ft. 0 in. - 50 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Rounded
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Samara
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    1.5"-2" long horizontally spreading wings mature September to October
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Insignificant
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Corymb
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Not remarkable, appear in spring before the foliage. One of most floriferous maples
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Margin:
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    7" across, with 5 sharply pointed lobes that look similar to a sugar maple. Petioles exude milky sap when broken. Fall color is an unremarkable yellow.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Woodland
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Street Tree
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Heat
    Pollution
    Problems:
    Messy
    Weedy