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Acer pensylvanicum

Previously known as:

  • Acer canadense
  • Acer tricuspifolium
Description

Snakebark maple is an understory small tree or large shrub with a rounded habit.  It prefers partial shade and well-drained moist soils.  It tolerates heavy shade very well and performs best in cooler summers so struggles in the south.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#deciduous#fall color#small tree#shade tree#heavy shade#interesting bark#nectar plant#winter interest#fall interest#understory tree#small mammals#food source#NC native#Braham Arboretum
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#deciduous#fall color#small tree#shade tree#heavy shade#interesting bark#nectar plant#winter interest#fall interest#understory tree#small mammals#food source#NC native#Braham Arboretum
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Acer
    Species:
    pensylvanicum
    Family:
    Sapindaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Used as shade trees, bonsai, maple syrup. Whistles can be carved easily from branch sections.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    SE. Canada to N. Central & E. U.S.A.
    Distribution:
    NE United States, E Canada
    Wildlife Value:
    Early spring source of nectar for bees, browse plant for mammals.
    Play Value:
    Shade
    Wildlife Food Source
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 35 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 12 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Samara
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Corymb
    Raceme
    Umbel
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Winter
    Flower Description:
    Flowers are yellow, regular, pentamerous in racemes, corymbs or umbels.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Margin:
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves look like a goose foot hence one of the common names and are palmately veined and 3-lobed.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Green
    Light Brown
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Bark Description:
    Young bark as vertical white stripes which can disappear with age and turn more reddish brown.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Pollinator Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Small Mammals
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Heavy Shade
    Problems:
    Short-lived