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Zinnia

Phonetic Spelling
ZIN-ya
Description

Zinnias are low maintenance, heat, and drought tolerant and come in a wide variety of colors.  These colorful, popular, warm-season annuals in the daisy family that are very easy to grow. As well as colorful, they have a wide range of sizes with single (single row of petals and a visible center), double blooms (numerous row of petals, the centers are not visible) or semi-double (somewhere in-between, numerous rows of petals with visible centers.), to brighten any garden. In addition to these forms, zinnias come in a variety of shapes which include beehive, button and cactus.  They range in size from 6 inches to 4 feet (1.22 m) tall. Zinnias add color to the garden all season long. The blooms on the different varieties range from dahlia-like to cactus flower or beehive shaped.  Leave on some seed heads for the birds but do some deadheading to encourage more blooms.

Although they are heat and drought tolerant when established, keep them moist while getting established.   Plant in average well-drained garden soil in full sun. Depending on the size, they can be used in the front or the back border, in containers, or massed for season-long color. 

There are multiple varieties or cultivars in the Zinnia family, including the hybrid 'Profusion' Series.  A cross between Zinnia Angustifolia (disease resistance) and Zinnia Elegans (larger flowers) combines the best traits of both including, drought tolerance, heat tolerance, humidity tolerance, and low maintenance.  The strong durable foliage resists insects and repels deer and rabbits.  Single and double-flowered varieties are available.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Susceptible to powdery mildew. Do not crowd them to allow good air circulation.

 

 VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and Groundcovers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. 

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscapes:
Vegetable Garden and Pollinator Plants Deck Garden
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Candy Cane'
    Double-petaled
  • 'Dreamland Pink'
    Large, long lasting blooms
  • 'Green Envy'
    Vivid green color
  • 'Persion Carpet'
    Narrow leafed
  • 'Pop Art'
    White or yellow blooms with red streaks
  • 'Profusion Apricot'
    Apricot color, compact habit
  • 'Profusion Cherry'
    Single cherry rose blooms
  • 'Profusion Coral Pink'
    Bushy, dwarf plants 12-15"
  • 'Profusion Double Cherry'
    Red, 2.5-3" blooms, 24" tall
  • 'Profusion Double Golden'
    Double, golden blooms
  • 'Profusion Fire'
    Bushy, dwarf plants 12-15"
  • 'Profusion Orange'
    Single orange blooms, 18"
  • 'Profusion White'
    White flowers, 12'24" spread
  • 'Zahara Fire'
    Double flowers, orange flowers
'Candy Cane', 'Dreamland Pink', 'Green Envy', 'Persion Carpet', 'Pop Art', 'Profusion Apricot', 'Profusion Cherry', 'Profusion Coral Pink', 'Profusion Double Cherry', 'Profusion Double Golden', 'Profusion Fire', 'Profusion Orange', 'Profusion White', 'Zahara Fire'
Tags:
#hummingbirds#showy flowers#wildlife plant#nectar plant#cut flowers#flower arrangements#long-lasting flowers#long bloom time#pollinator plant#food source summer#food source fall#butterfly friendly#apvg-a#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Candy Cane'
    Double-petaled
  • 'Dreamland Pink'
    Large, long lasting blooms
  • 'Green Envy'
    Vivid green color
  • 'Persion Carpet'
    Narrow leafed
  • 'Pop Art'
    White or yellow blooms with red streaks
  • 'Profusion Apricot'
    Apricot color, compact habit
  • 'Profusion Cherry'
    Single cherry rose blooms
  • 'Profusion Coral Pink'
    Bushy, dwarf plants 12-15"
  • 'Profusion Double Cherry'
    Red, 2.5-3" blooms, 24" tall
  • 'Profusion Double Golden'
    Double, golden blooms
  • 'Profusion Fire'
    Bushy, dwarf plants 12-15"
  • 'Profusion Orange'
    Single orange blooms, 18"
  • 'Profusion White'
    White flowers, 12'24" spread
  • 'Zahara Fire'
    Double flowers, orange flowers
'Candy Cane', 'Dreamland Pink', 'Green Envy', 'Persion Carpet', 'Pop Art', 'Profusion Apricot', 'Profusion Cherry', 'Profusion Coral Pink', 'Profusion Double Cherry', 'Profusion Double Golden', 'Profusion Fire', 'Profusion Orange', 'Profusion White', 'Zahara Fire'
Tags:
#hummingbirds#showy flowers#wildlife plant#nectar plant#cut flowers#flower arrangements#long-lasting flowers#long bloom time#pollinator plant#food source summer#food source fall#butterfly friendly#apvg-a#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Zinnia
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southern North America, South America
    Wildlife Value:
    Nectar from the flowers attract butterflies, hummingbirds. Songbirds enjoy the seeds.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Colorful
    Defines Paths
    Easy to Grow
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 6 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9a, 9b, 10b, 10a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Achene
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Variegated
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Long Bloom Season
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Saucer
    Flower Petals:
    more than 20 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Colorful rays surrounding disc flowers. Bloom from early summer to frost
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Rough
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Lance-shaped and sandpaper-like in texture
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Stems are erect green and herbaceous
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Container
    Hanging Baskets
    Meadow
    Patio
    Pond
    Pool/Hardscape
    Slope/Bank
    Small Space
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Cutting Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Barrier
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Black Walnut
    Deer
    Dry Soil
    Heat