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Bog White Viola Viola lanceolata

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
vy-OH-la lan-see-oh-LAY-tuh
Description

Lance-leaf Violet is a native wildflower that is found in coastal plains, bogs, swamps and wet spots. It spreads by runners. The dainty white flowers bloom in later spring to summer above a basal rosette of lance-shaped leaves. 

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#partial shade#white flowers#wildlife plant#shade tolerant#nectar plant#spring flowers#wet sites#pond margins#specialized bees#cpp#summer flowers#bogs#pollinator plant#native wildflower#butterfly friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#partial shade#white flowers#wildlife plant#shade tolerant#nectar plant#spring flowers#wet sites#pond margins#specialized bees#cpp#summer flowers#bogs#pollinator plant#native wildflower#butterfly friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Viola
    Species:
    lanceolata
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North America except the western plains
    Distribution:
    AL , AR , CA , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV
    Wildlife Value:
    Nectar from the flowers attract butterflies and bees. Members of the genus Viola support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia. This plant is resistant to damage by deer.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Green
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Light green oblong seed capsules are about 1/3" long. It splits open into 3 parts, ejecting the small dark brown seeds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Radial
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    1/2-3/4 inch white flowers with purple veins on the lower petal.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Forms lance-shaped basal leaves which are nearly erect and 2-6" long and ¼-¾" across.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Pond
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Rain Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Wet Soil