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Viola bicolor

Phonetic Spelling
vy-OH-la BY-kul-ur
Description

Field pansy is a native annual plant in the violet family found throughout much of North America and is a winter annual weed. It forms colonies in fields, along roadsides and other disturbed sites. It prefers full sun in moist sandy soil but adapts to other soils and part shade. Although considered weedy, this little plant attracts wildlife and is an early spring nectar source for bees.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#showy flowers#edible plant#wildflowers#spring flowers#host plant#winter annual weed#cool season weed#nectar plant spring
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#showy flowers#edible plant#wildflowers#spring flowers#host plant#winter annual weed#cool season weed#nectar plant spring
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Viola
    Species:
    bicolor
    Family:
    Violaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Native Americans used the plant for food and made teas to treat various ailments
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North America
    Distribution:
    AL , AR , AZ , CO , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , MI , MO , MS , NC , NE , NJ , NM , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , WV
    Wildlife Value:
    Bees visit the flowers and caterpillars of fritillary butterflies will feed on the foliage.
    Edibility:
    Leaves and flowers are edible.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Weed
    Wildflower
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Prostrate
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Capsules split to eject small rounded light brown seeds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Lipped
    Radial
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    asymmetrical petals
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    The ½" blooms have 5 petals and 5 sepals. The petals are pale to medium blue-violet with dark purple lines. The lowermost petal has a patch of yellow near its base. The lateral petals are bearded with white hairs near the throat.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Oblanceolate
    Obovate
    Orbicular
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Small basal leaves are orbicular. The alternate stem leaves are up to 2 inches long and obovate, becoming narrower as they go up the stem. They are hairless with crenate to entire margins.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    The stems are light green to purplish green and hairless
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Problems:
    Weedy