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Viburnum acerifolium

Phonetic Spelling
vih-BUR-num a-ser-ih-FOH-lee-um
Description

Mapleleaf Viburnum is a deciduous shrub that may grow 4 to 6 feet tall. The leaves are opposite with 3 lobes, sunken veins, toothed margin, and fuzzy underside and stem. The bark is smooth and grayish brown. In late spring, small, white flowers mature in flat-topped clusters. The shrub produces a purple drupe that occurs in flat-topped clusters.

More than one genetic strain needed for fruit set.

Habitat: Mesic to dry forests and woodlands

 

  

 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#butterflies#fruit#deciduous#fall color#birds#wildlife plant#showy#native shrub#host plant#hedges#food source#low flammability#NC native#deer resistant#fire resistant#larval host plant#food source summer#food source fall#butterfly#pollinators#Coastal FACU#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#food source soft-mast fruit#Piednmont Mountains UPL
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#butterflies#fruit#deciduous#fall color#birds#wildlife plant#showy#native shrub#host plant#hedges#food source#low flammability#NC native#deer resistant#fire resistant#larval host plant#food source summer#food source fall#butterfly#pollinators#Coastal FACU#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#food source soft-mast fruit#Piednmont Mountains UPL
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Viburnum
    Species:
    acerifolium
    Family:
    Viburnaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Root Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern North America
    Distribution:
    AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV Canada: NB , ON , QC
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    It is a potential host plant for the Spring Azure butterfly.  Its fruits are eaten by songbirds, grouse, wild turkeys and squirrels.  The twigs and leaves are browsed by white-tailed deer.
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Fire in the landscape. Resistant to heat, drought, and soil compaction.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 4 ft. 0 in. - 6 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 2 ft. 0 in. - 6 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Blue
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    1/4 inch long berries ripen to bluish-black from August to October. The fruits may persist into winter.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Tiny creamy-white flowers bloom from April to June on long-stalked, flat-topped cymes up to 3 inches across in mid to late spring. Individual blooms are 1/4 inch across with 5 strongly exerted stamens.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Orange
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves are 2-5 inch-long dull to medium green maple-like leaves which are ovate to rounded and three-lobed. The lower surface is pale green with hairs.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Bark Description:
    The bark of the trunk and larger branches is gray and slightly rough.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    The bark of younger stems is smooth and grayish brown.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Foundation Planting
    Hedge
    Screen/Privacy
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Fire