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Vasey's Trillium Trillium vaseyi

Previously known as:

  • Trillium erectum var. vaseyi
Phonetic Spelling
TRIL-ee-um VAS-ee-eye
Description

Vasey's Trillium is a native perennial wildflower that is found in the southern part of the Appalachian Mountains in the southeastern USA. It naturally occurs in cove forests, along streams or on banks in rich moist soil. It is often confused with Trillium erectum but its bloom bends down between the whorled leaves.  The dark red nodding flowers are up to 4" across, with fetid odor making it one of the largest blooms of the Trilliums. Plant it in the part to full shade in humus-rich moist soils. Trilliums generally go dormant by mid summer.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious problems.  Slugs and snails are occasional pests and leaf spot, rust and smut are occasional disease problems. It does not transplant well.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#heat tolerant#maroon#perennial#moths#shade tolerant#native perennial#spring flowers#moist soil#food source#NC native#well-drained soil#perennial flowers#small and large mammals#red fruits#native garden#mountains#odor#rich soil#summer interest#spring interest#pollinator plant#native wildflower#late spring flowers#early spring flowers#larval host plant#summer fruits#food source summer#mid-spring flowers#forb#early summer flowers#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#fruits#native#perennials#pollen plant#maroon flowers#food source soft mast fruit#malodorous#moth larvae#food source mid-summer#partial shade tolerant#ants#shade flowers#flowering#flower#host#pollinators#pollinator garden#summer garden#bee friendly#flowers#audubon#heavy shade tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#heat tolerant#maroon#perennial#moths#shade tolerant#native perennial#spring flowers#moist soil#food source#NC native#well-drained soil#perennial flowers#small and large mammals#red fruits#native garden#mountains#odor#rich soil#summer interest#spring interest#pollinator plant#native wildflower#late spring flowers#early spring flowers#larval host plant#summer fruits#food source summer#mid-spring flowers#forb#early summer flowers#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#fruits#native#perennials#pollen plant#maroon flowers#food source soft mast fruit#malodorous#moth larvae#food source mid-summer#partial shade tolerant#ants#shade flowers#flowering#flower#host#pollinators#pollinator garden#summer garden#bee friendly#flowers#audubon#heavy shade tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Trillium
    Species:
    vaseyi
    Family:
    Melanthiaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Trilliums have been used in herbal medicine
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern U.S.A.
    Distribution:
    AL, GA, NC, SC, TN
    Wildlife Value:
    Bees and other pollinators enjoy the nectar from the flowers. This plant is a larval host for moths. Ants and small mammals enjoy the fruits as a food source.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Fragrance
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    6-parted berry-like capsule. In North Carolina, the red-maroon fruits are available from July to August.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Solitary
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Flower Petals:
    2-3 rays/petals
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Maroon three-petaled flowers with three green sepals, long exserted stamens and a purple ovary. Petals are recurved backward. Nodding flowers up to 4" across with fetid odor. In North Carolina, the flowers are available from April to June.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    3 whorled simple leaves that are actually bracts with entire margins. 4-8 inches long and wide
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Round
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Unbranched green stem
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Heat
    Problems:
    Malodorous