Plant DetailShow Menu

Trillium sulcatum

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#showy flowers#partial shade#maroon#perennial#acidic soil#deep shade#moths#shade tolerant#native perennial#shade garden#spring flowers#moist soil#food source#NC native#perennial flowers#neutral ph#small and large mammals#clumps#native garden#mountains#odor#summer interest#rock gardens#spring interest#acidic soil tolerant#pollinator plant#native wildflower#wildflower garden#clumping#late spring flowers#early spring flowers#summer fruits#food source summer#mid-spring flowers#forb#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#food source soft-mast fruit#loamy soils tolerant#rocky soils tolerant#native#perennials#bird friendly#pollen plant#maroon flowers#loam#food source soft mast fruit#malodorous#moth larvae#full shade#food source mid-summer#shade#moth#part shade#loamy soil#ants#shade flowers#flowering#flower#pollinators#pollinator garden#wildflower#bee friendly#flowers#bee#clump#audubon#woodlands
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Trillium
    Species:
    sulcatum
    Family:
    Melanthiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern and central U.S.A.
    Wildlife Value:
    Bees and other pollinating insects enjoy the nectar from the flowers. This plant is a larval host for moths. Ants and small mammals enjoy the fruits as a food source.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Fragrance
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 8 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Description:
    The red-maroon fruits are available from July to August in North Carolina.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Solitary
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    2-3 rays/petals
    Flower Description:
    White, yellow, purple but usually maroon; three-petaled flowers with three green sepals and a purple ovary. In North Carolina, the flowers are available from April to May. Flowers have a fetid odor. Sepals "canoe-tipped'.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Slope/Bank
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Problems:
    Malodorous