Plant DetailShow Menu

Vasey's Toadshade Trillium vaseyi

Previously known as:

  • Trillium erectum var. vaseyi
Phonetic Spelling
TRIL-ee-um VAS-ee-eye
Description

Vasey's Trillium is a native perennial wildflower that is found in the southern part of the Appalachian Mountains in the southeastern U.S.A. More specifically, it can be found growing in cove forests and other areas with rich soil. It is often confused with Trillium erectum but its bloom bends down between the whorled leaves.  Nodding flowers up to 4" across, with fetid odor. Plant it in the shade in rich moist soils.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious problems.  Slugs and snails are occasional pests and leaf spot, rust and smut are occasional disease problems. It does not transplant well.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#showy flowers#partial shade#heat tolerant#maroon#perennial#deep shade#moths#shade tolerant#native perennial#spring flowers#moist soil#food source#NC native#well-drained soil#perennial flowers#small and large mammals#red fruits#native garden#mountains#odor#rich soil#summer interest#spring interest#pollinator plant#native wildflower#late spring flowers#early spring flowers#summer fruits#food source summer#mid-spring flowers#forb#early summer flowers#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#fruits#native#perennials#pollen plant#maroon flowers#food source soft mast fruit#malodorous#moth larvae#full shade#food source mid-summer#shade#moth#fruit#part shade#ants#shade flowers#flowering#flower#host#pollinators#pollinator garden#summer garden#bee friendly#larval host#flowers#bee#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#showy flowers#partial shade#heat tolerant#maroon#perennial#deep shade#moths#shade tolerant#native perennial#spring flowers#moist soil#food source#NC native#well-drained soil#perennial flowers#small and large mammals#red fruits#native garden#mountains#odor#rich soil#summer interest#spring interest#pollinator plant#native wildflower#late spring flowers#early spring flowers#summer fruits#food source summer#mid-spring flowers#forb#early summer flowers#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#fruits#native#perennials#pollen plant#maroon flowers#food source soft mast fruit#malodorous#moth larvae#full shade#food source mid-summer#shade#moth#fruit#part shade#ants#shade flowers#flowering#flower#host#pollinators#pollinator garden#summer garden#bee friendly#larval host#flowers#bee#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Trillium
    Species:
    vaseyi
    Family:
    Melanthiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern U.S.A.
    Wildlife Value:
    Bees and other pollinators enjoy the nectar from the flowers. This plant is a larval host for moths. Ants and small mammals enjoy the fruits as a food source.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Fragrance
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    In North Carolina, the red-maroon fruits are available from July to August.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Solitary
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    Maroon three-petaled flowers with three green sepals. and a purple ovary. Flower bends down between leaves. In North Carolina, the flowers are available from April to June. Nodding flowers up to 4" across, with fetid odor.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Whorled simple leaves with entire margins.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Shade Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Heat
    Problems:
    Malodorous