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Striped Wake-robin Trillium undulatum

Phonetic Spelling
TRIL-ee-um un-dew-LAY-tum
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Painted Trillium is a native perennial wildflower in the Melanthiaceae family. In nature, it can be found in acidic, humus-rich soils of ridges, slopes, and bog margins, mostly at high elevations and often associated with Rhododendron, Tsuga, Pinus, or Picea. It is commonly seen in the mountains of North Carolina.

The flower is white with dark red to purple at the base and occurs on a single erect stem in the spring. The three large leaves are in a whirl and are petioled. 

Very difficult to grow, and many plants offered for sale are wild-collected. Larry Mellichamp (2014) says "don't waste time and money on it."

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious problems.  Slugs and snails are occasional pests and leaf spot, rust and smut are occasional disease problems. It does not transplant well.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#red#white#showy flowers#poisonous#perennial#white flowers#red berries#wildlife plant#partial sun#red flowers#moths#shade tolerant#native perennial#shade garden#spring flowers#slopes#berries#moist soil#food source#herbaceous#NC native#well-drained soil#perennial flowers#poisonous berries#ridges#small and large mammals#herbaceous perennial#red fruits#native garden#mountains#hard to grow#summer interest#cutting garden#spring interest#acidic soils tolerant#pollinator plant#native wildflower#wildflower garden#late spring flowers#early spring flowers#larval host plant#fruits summer#food source summer#forb#NC Native Pollinator Plant#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#wet soils tolerant#fruits#native#food source soft mast fruit#moth larvae#Piedmont Mountains FACU#food source mid-summer#partial shade tolerant#HS302#shade flowers#bee friendly#bog gardens#audubon#heavy shade tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#red#white#showy flowers#poisonous#perennial#white flowers#red berries#wildlife plant#partial sun#red flowers#moths#shade tolerant#native perennial#shade garden#spring flowers#slopes#berries#moist soil#food source#herbaceous#NC native#well-drained soil#perennial flowers#poisonous berries#ridges#small and large mammals#herbaceous perennial#red fruits#native garden#mountains#hard to grow#summer interest#cutting garden#spring interest#acidic soils tolerant#pollinator plant#native wildflower#wildflower garden#late spring flowers#early spring flowers#larval host plant#fruits summer#food source summer#forb#NC Native Pollinator Plant#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#wet soils tolerant#fruits#native#food source soft mast fruit#moth larvae#Piedmont Mountains FACU#food source mid-summer#partial shade tolerant#HS302#shade flowers#bee friendly#bog gardens#audubon#heavy shade tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Trillium
    Species:
    undulatum
    Family:
    Melanthiaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Trilliums have been used in herbal medicine
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern North America
    Distribution:
    CT , GA , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WV Canada: MB , NB , NS , ON , PE , QC
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts bees and other pollinating insects, moth larvae, ants, yellow jackets, mammals. Bees and other pollinators enjoy the nectar from flowers. Larval host for moths. Small mammals enjoy the berries as a food source.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Wildlife Cover/Habitat
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Edibility:
    Young, unfolding leaves. Only collect leaves from areas you know have NOT been treated with pesticides. Wash leaves in warm water to remove dirt and debris. Do not use dish detergent or any type of sanitizer. These products can leave a residue. Cook in boiling, salted water for ten minutes and serve like greens. SOURCE: Crowhurst, A. 1972. The Weed Cookbook. Lancer Books, Inc. New York, 190 pp.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 8 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Poisonous
    Wildflower
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    .5 to 1 inch 6- parted berry-like capsule with seeds that are dispersed by ants. In North Carolina, fruits are available from July to August.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Solitary
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Flower Petals:
    2-3 rays/petals
    Bracts
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    The petals are wavy-margined and white with a central red to reddish-purple splotch at the base of the flower. and up to 2 inches wide. In North Carolina, flowers are available from April to May.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Undulate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    2-5 inches long, broadly egg-shaped leaves that are actually bracts with a definite petiole and taper-pointed at the tip.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Round
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Unbranched green stem
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Slope/Bank
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Unknown
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Toxicity unknown, but caution because of its relationship with known toxic plants.
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits
    Roots