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Painted Trillum Trillium undulatum

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
TRIL-ee-um un-dew-LAY-tum
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Trillium undulatum, or Painted Trillium, is a perennial wildflower native to the North Carolina mountains. In nature, it can be found in acidic, humus-rich soils of ridges, slopes, and bog margins, mostly at high elevations and often associated with Rhododendron, Tsuga, Pinus, or Picea.

Perennial herb; stem unbranched with 3 leaves at the top; flower solitary, either erect above the leaves or pendant on a curved stalk, 3-parted, white, yellow, pink, or maroon-purple; fruit a berry; sensitive to heat

Very difficult to grow, and many plants offered for sale are wild-collected. Larry Mellichamp (2014) says "don't waste time and money on it."

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious problems.  Slugs and snails are occasional pests and leaf spot, rust and smut are occasional disease problems. It does not transplant well.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#red#white#showy flowers#poisonous#partial shade#perennial#white flowers#acidic soil#red berries#wildlife plant#partial sun#deep shade#red flowers#moths#shade tolerant#native perennial#shade garden#spring flowers#slopes#berries#moist soil#food source#herbaceous#NC native#well-drained soil#perennial flowers#poisonous berries#ridges#small and large mammals#herbaceous perennial#red fruits#native garden#bogs#mountains#hard to grow#summer interest#cutting garden#spring interest#acidic soil tolerant#pollinator plant#native wildflower#wildflower garden#late spring flowers#early spring flowers#larval host plant#summer fruits#food source summer#forb#NC Native Pollinator Plant#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#food source soft-mast fruit#wet soils tolerant#fruits#native#perennials#food source soft mast fruit#moth larvae#full shade#Piedmont Mountains FACU#food source mid-summer#shade#fruit#part sun#part shade#HS302#shade flowers#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#red#white#showy flowers#poisonous#partial shade#perennial#white flowers#acidic soil#red berries#wildlife plant#partial sun#deep shade#red flowers#moths#shade tolerant#native perennial#shade garden#spring flowers#slopes#berries#moist soil#food source#herbaceous#NC native#well-drained soil#perennial flowers#poisonous berries#ridges#small and large mammals#herbaceous perennial#red fruits#native garden#bogs#mountains#hard to grow#summer interest#cutting garden#spring interest#acidic soil tolerant#pollinator plant#native wildflower#wildflower garden#late spring flowers#early spring flowers#larval host plant#summer fruits#food source summer#forb#NC Native Pollinator Plant#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#food source soft-mast fruit#wet soils tolerant#fruits#native#perennials#food source soft mast fruit#moth larvae#full shade#Piedmont Mountains FACU#food source mid-summer#shade#fruit#part sun#part shade#HS302#shade flowers#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Trillium
    Species:
    undulatum
    Family:
    Melanthiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Distribution:
    Forest or natural area in rich woods
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts bees and other pollinating insects, moth larvae, ants, yellow jackets, mammals. Bees and other pollinators enjoy the nectar from flowers. Larval host for moths. Small mammals enjoy the berries as a food source.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Wildlife Cover/Habitat
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Edibility:
    EDIBLE PARTS: Young, unfolding leaves HARVEST TIME: Only collect leaves from areas you know have NOT been treated with pesticides. SAFE HANDLING PROCEDURES: Wash leaves in warm water to remove dirt and debris. Do not use dish detergent or any type of sanitizer. These products can leave a residue. Cook in boiling, salted water for ten minutes and serve like greens. SOURCE: Crowhurst, A. 1972. The Weed Cookbook. Lancer Books, Inc. New York, 190 pp.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Poisonous
    Wildflower
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    In North Carolina, fruits are available from July to August.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Solitary
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    2-3 rays/petals
    Flower Description:
    V-shaped purplish pink marks toward the base of the white, wavy-margined, recurved petals. In North Carolina, flowers are available from April to May. Flowers are white with red veins at petal bases.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Broadly egg-shaped leaves; stalked; taper-pointed at the tip.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Slope/Bank
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Shade Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Unknown
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Toxicity unknown, but caution because of its relationship with known toxic plants.
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits
    Roots