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Prairie Wake-robin Trillium recurvatum

Other Common Name(s):

Description

Prairie Trillium is a native wildflower found in forest and woodland areas in the central and eastern U.S.A. More specifically, in nature, it can be found growing in the rich soils of cove forests over calcareous rocks.

Forms colonies. Usually goes dormant by midsummer. NC Significantly Rare species. 

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious problems.  Slugs and snails are occasional pests and leaf spot, rust and smut are occasional disease problems. It does not transplant well.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#showy flowers#yellow#partial shade#maroon#perennial#white flowers#deep shade#moths#shade tolerant#yellow flowers#native perennial#piedmont#shade garden#spring flowers#moist soil#food source#NC native#well-drained soil#perennial flowers#small and large mammals#mountains#colonies#green fruits#summer interest#spring interest#pollinator plant#native wildflower#late spring flowers#larval host plant#summer fruits#food source summer#mid-spring flowers#forb#food source herbage#food source pollen#food source soft-mast fruit#piedmont mountains UPL#loamy soils tolerant#clay soils tolerant#dry soil#perennials#dry soils tolerant#pollen plant#maroon flowers#loam#food source soft mast fruit#moth larvae#full shade#Coastal FACU#food source mid-summer#shade#moth#part shade#loamy soil#ants#shade flowers#host#pollinators#pollinator garden#bee friendly#larval host#bee#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#showy flowers#yellow#partial shade#maroon#perennial#white flowers#deep shade#moths#shade tolerant#yellow flowers#native perennial#piedmont#shade garden#spring flowers#moist soil#food source#NC native#well-drained soil#perennial flowers#small and large mammals#mountains#colonies#green fruits#summer interest#spring interest#pollinator plant#native wildflower#late spring flowers#larval host plant#summer fruits#food source summer#mid-spring flowers#forb#food source herbage#food source pollen#food source soft-mast fruit#piedmont mountains UPL#loamy soils tolerant#clay soils tolerant#dry soil#perennials#dry soils tolerant#pollen plant#maroon flowers#loam#food source soft mast fruit#moth larvae#full shade#Coastal FACU#food source mid-summer#shade#moth#part shade#loamy soil#ants#shade flowers#host#pollinators#pollinator garden#bee friendly#larval host#bee#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Trillium
    Species:
    recurvatum
    Family:
    Melanthiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Central and eastern U.S.A.
    Wildlife Value:
    Bees and other pollinating insects enjoy the nectar from the flowers. Moths use this plant as a larval host. Ants and small mammals enjoy the fruits as a food source.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 9 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    In North Carolina, the fruits are pale to purplish-green and are available from July to August.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Solitary
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    2-3 rays/petals
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Maroon or yellow three-petaled flowers that bloom mid to late spring. More specifically, in North Carolina, the flowers bloom from April to May.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Variegated
    White
    Leaf Feel:
    Smooth
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Three mottled leaves surround a single flower. 3"6" long 1 1/2"and 3 1/2" wide. Lower surfaces are solid light green.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Round
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Light green to reddish purple, round, smooth and stout.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Shade Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals