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Bloody Butcher Trillium recurvatum

Other plants called Bloody Butcher:

Previously known as:

  • Trillium recurvatum f. luteum
Phonetic Spelling
TRIL-ee-um rek-er-VAY-tum
Description

Prairie Trillium is a native wildflower found in forest and woodland areas in the central and eastern U.S.A.  growing in the rich soils of cove forests over calcareous rocks. It is a NC Significantly Rare species. 

The maroon 3-petaled sessile flowers appear above the mottled bracts in spring. The plant can take up to 10 years to bloom and usually go dormant by mid-summer. They slowly spread by rhizomes to form colonies.

Plant in humus-rich moist soils in part shade to dappled sunlight in a woodland setting. They can be naturalized under trees.

Pollen and nectar of the flowers attract bees and other pollinating insects, moth larvae, ants, yellow jackets, mammals. Host plant for larvae of black-patched clepsis moth (Clepsis-melaleucana) and American angle shades moth (Euplexia benesimilis).  Small mammals enjoy the berries as a food source.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious problems.  Slugs and snails are occasional pests and leaf spot, rust and smut are occasional disease problems. It does not transplant well.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#maroon#white flowers#moth caterpillar host#yellow flowers#native perennial#piedmont#shade garden#spring flowers#moist soil#NC native#well-drained soil#perennial flowers#small and large mammals#mountains#green fruits#summer interest#spring interest#pollinator plant#native wildflower#flowers late spring#larval host plant#fruits summer#food source summer#forb#food source herbage#food source pollen#piedmont mountains UPL#loamy soils tolerant#clay soils tolerant#dry soils tolerant#maroon flowers#food source soft mast fruit#Coastal FACU#partial shade tolerant#ants#shade flowers#bee friendly#Audubon#colonizing#heavy shade tolerant#flowers midspring#perennial#wildlife friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#maroon#white flowers#moth caterpillar host#yellow flowers#native perennial#piedmont#shade garden#spring flowers#moist soil#NC native#well-drained soil#perennial flowers#small and large mammals#mountains#green fruits#summer interest#spring interest#pollinator plant#native wildflower#flowers late spring#larval host plant#fruits summer#food source summer#forb#food source herbage#food source pollen#piedmont mountains UPL#loamy soils tolerant#clay soils tolerant#dry soils tolerant#maroon flowers#food source soft mast fruit#Coastal FACU#partial shade tolerant#ants#shade flowers#bee friendly#Audubon#colonizing#heavy shade tolerant#flowers midspring#perennial#wildlife friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Trillium
    Species:
    recurvatum
    Family:
    Melanthiaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Trilliums have been used in herbal medicine
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Central and eastern U.S.A.
    Distribution:
    AL , AR , IA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MI , MO , MS , NC , OH , OK , PA , TN , TX , WI
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts bees and other pollinating insects, moth larvae, ants, yellow jackets, mammals. Bees and other pollinators enjoy the nectar from flowers. Host plant for larvae of black-patched clepsis moth and American angle shades moth. Small mammals enjoy the berries as a food source.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 9 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Wildflower
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    The 6-parted berry-like capsule is pale to purplish-green and is available from July to August. Seeds are dispersed by ants.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Solitary
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Star
    Flower Petals:
    2-3 rays/petals
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Maroonish three-petaled flowers that bloom mid to late spring. The rhombic-elliptic shaped petals curve inward at the tips. In North Carolina, the flowers bloom from April to May. Up to 1.75 inches long.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Variegated
    Leaf Feel:
    Smooth
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Three mottled dark and light green leaves that are actually bracts are 3-6" long 1 1/2" and 3 1/2" wide. Under surfaces are solid light green. Parallel leaf venation.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Round
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Light green to reddish purple, round, smooth and stout.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals