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White Trillium Trillium flexipes

Other plants called White Trillium:

Phonetic Spelling
TRIL-ee-um FLEKS-ih-pees
Description

White Trillium is a native perennial wildflower in the lily family. Native to North Carolina, it can be found in moist coves over mafic or calcareous rocks. It prefers dappled shade and moist, high organic matter, loamy soils with a layer of leaf litter to maintain moisture and temperatures.  Most of its growth occurs in early spring before the over-canopy trees leaf out.  Showy white three-petaled flowers appear mid to late spring in woodland areas.

Leaves up to 9" across. Pedicellate flowers often nod beneath the leaves. Forms clumps. Dormant by midsummer. NC Significantly Rare/Historical species. 

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious problems.  Slugs and snails are occasional pests and leaf spot, rust and smut are occasional disease problems. It does not transplant well.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
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Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#white#showy flowers#partial shade#perennial#white flowers#deep shade#showy#moths#shade tolerant#native perennial#shade garden#spring flowers#moist soil#food source#NC native#well-drained soil#perennial flowers#organic soils#alkaline soil#small and large mammals#clumps#red fruits#native garden#mountains#rich soil#summer interest#spring interest#alkaline soil tolerant#pollinator plant#native wildflower#wildflower garden#clumping#late spring flowers#larval host plant#summer fruits#food source summer#mid-spring flowers#forb#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#food source soft-mast fruit#coastal FAC#Piedmont Mountains FAC#loamy soils tolerant#fruits#native#perennials#pollen plant#loam#food source soft mast fruit#moth larvae#full shade#shade#moth#fruit#part shade#loamy soil#ants#shade flowers#host#pollinators#pollinator garden#wildflower#bee friendly#larval host#bee#clump#audubon#woodlands
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Trillium
    Species:
    flexipes
    Family:
    Melanthiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern and central U.S.A., southern Ontario
    Wildlife Value:
    Bees and other pollinating insects enjoy the nectar from the flowers. Moths use this plant as a larval host. Ants and small mammals enjoy the fruits as a food source.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 6 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Mountains
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    In North Carolina, the red fruits are available in July.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Solitary
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    2-3 rays/petals
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Three petaled 1 1/2" -2" long single flower on a nodding peduncle, 3 green sepals, and 6 stamens. Flowers appear mid-late spring; April in North Carolina. Pedicellate flowers often nod beneath the leaves.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Obovate
    Rhomboidal
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Up to 6 1/2" long entire margins, three leaves whorled around a stem. The tip is blunt and the base is wedge-shaped with parallel veins.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Light green and hairless
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Shade Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals