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Catesby's Trillium Trillium catesbaei

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
TRIL-ee-um KAYTS-bee-eye
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Trillium catesbaei, commonly referred to as Catesby's Trillium, is a perennial wildflower native to North Carolina. In nature, it can be commonly found in bottomland forests, mesic slopes, and cove forests.  The Catesbys Trillium flowers face downward.

Perennial herb; stem unbranched with 3 leaves at the top; flower solitary, pendant on a curved stalk, 3-parted, white, yellow, pink, or maroon-purple; fruit a berry.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious problems.  Slugs and snails are occasional pests and leaf spot, rust and smut are occasional disease problems. It does not transplant well.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
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Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#clumps#acidic soil tolerant#food source summer#herbaceous perennial#rich soil#NC Native Pollinator Plant#food source nectar#full shade#flower#host#perennial#showy leaves#wildflower garden#forests#white#summer fruits#summer flowers#part sun#part shade#forb#shade garden#food source pollen#food source#perennial flowers#organic soils#food source flowers#shade tolerant#moth larvae#herbaceous#piedmont#clumping#wildlife plants#pink flowers#bees#fruit#well-drained soil#NC native#flowering#shade#fruits#pollinator plant#food source soft mast fruit#food source herbage#native wildflower#native#mammals#native perennial#acidic soil#deep shade#white flowers#food source soft-mast fruit#spring interest#partial sun#shade flowers#mountains#audubon#larval host plant#native garden#HS302#partial shade#showy flowers#wildlife plant#forest#moist soil#attractive foliage#summer interest#pollen plant#perennials#pink#spring flowers
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Trillium
    Species:
    catesbaei
    Family:
    Melanthiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern United States
    Distribution:
    Dry oak and oak-pine forests.
    Wildlife Value:
    Bees and other pollinating insects enjoy the nectar from the flowers. Moths use this plant as a larval host. Small mammals enjoy the fruits as a food source.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Colorful
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Edibility:
    EDIBLE PARTS: Young, unfolding leaves HARVEST TIME: Only collect leaves from areas you know have NOT been treated with pesticides. SAFE HANDLING PROCEDURES: Wash leaves in warm water to remove dirt and debris. Do not use dish detergent or any type of sanitizer. These products can leave a residue. Cook in boiling, salted water for ten minutes and serve like greens. SOURCE: Crowhurst, A. 1972. The Weed Cookbook. Lancer Books, Inc. New York, 190 pp.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 8 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Poisonous
    Wildflower
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    In North Carolina, fruits are available from July to August.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Solitary
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Petals:
    2-3 rays/petals
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    1.5 in. solitary, erect, nodding flower; three white to pale pink to deep rose-colored, sickle-shaped petals; three sepals. In North Carolina, flowers are available from March to June. Pink with a white ovary.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Whorl of three 1.5 to 3 in. elliptical leaves on a green to purple stem; stalked base; abruptly tapering pointed tips
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Shade Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Unknown
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Unknownn
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits
    Roots