Plant DetailShow Menu

Chinese tallow tree Triadica sebifera

Other plants called Chinese tallow tree:

Previously known as:

  • Sapium sebiferum
Phonetic Spelling
try-uh-DEE-kuh seb-EE-fer-uh
This plant has medium severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Chinese tallow is a drought-tolerant shade tree in the Euphorbiaceae family.  It can reach heights and widths of 40 feet, with a 3-foot diameter, excellent for creating shade.  Its deep taproot allows the tree to hydrate in drought conditions.

This tree invades wet areas such as ditches and stream banks as well as some upland dry areas.  In undisturbed forests, it can prohibit native vegetation, and alter soil conditions due to the tannins (organic substance) in leaf litter.  The ability to grow in crowded locations, as well as any lighting conditions, allows the establishment of additional trees.  The seeds are spread by birds, only complicating the spread.  In order to eradicate this plant, total removal of the plant and seeds is required.

Insects, Diseases and Other Plant Problems:  The leaves and fruit are toxic to humans and cattle.  This tree can be invasive.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#shade tree#invasive#drought tolerant#salt tolerant#fall interest#deciduous tree#flood tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#shade tree#invasive#drought tolerant#salt tolerant#fall interest#deciduous tree#flood tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Triadica
    Species:
    sebifera
    Family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    China
    Distribution:
    AL, AR, CA, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC, TX
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts bees and other insects.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Dimensions:
    Height: 30 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 30 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Habit/Form:
    Pyramidal
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    8b, 8a, 9b, 9a, 10b, 10a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Clusters of greenish three-lobed fruit turn black when ripe. The Capsule contains white, wax-coated seeds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Spike
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    > 6 inches
    Flower Description:
    The yellowish flowers appear on 8 inch dangling spikes.
  • Leaves:
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Ovate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves have a long pointed tip.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Shade Tree
    Specimen
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Medium
    Poison Symptoms:
    Nausea and vomiting.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Unknown
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits
    Leaves