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Torreya taxifolia

Phonetic Spelling
TOR-ree-uh taks-ih-FOH-lee-uh
Description

Florida Torreya is a needled evergreen conifer native to riparian areas Georgia and Florida in the yew family.  Plant in partial to full shade in well-drained moist soils.  It will not tolerate soils that dry out.   It performs well in the high humidity of the south but it is difficult to find this tree in the nursery industry.  

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Scale is an insect problem.  Fungal blight, mushroom root rot, leaf spot, and needle necrosis are devastating natural populations of this plant putting it on endangered species lists.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#heavy shade#deep shade#conifer#winter interest#high maintenance#endangered#needled evergreen#malodorous
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#heavy shade#deep shade#conifer#winter interest#high maintenance#endangered#needled evergreen#malodorous
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Torreya
    Species:
    taxifolia
    Family:
    Taxaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    GA and FL
    Dimensions:
    Height: 30 ft. 0 in. - 50 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 30 ft. 0 in. - 50 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Pyramidal
    Maintenance:
    High
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Description:
    Non-flowering
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Bright green, stiff, glossy linear needles 1 1/2" long and 1/8" wide have an unpleasant fragrance when crushed. Two bluish white stomatal bands run on the bottom side of the leaves.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Stems emit a foul odor when crushed.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Riparian
    Landscape Theme:
    Winter Garden
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Heavy Shade
    Humidity