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Tipularia discolor is often confused with:
Aplectrum hyemale Aplectrum hyemale

Cranefly Orchid Tipularia discolor

Phonetic Spelling
tip-yoo-LAH-ree-uh DIS-kol-or
Description

Cranefly Orchid is a perennial woodland orchid native to the southeastern USA and is found in all areas of NC. In Autumn the single oval leaf emerges and stays through spring, then disappears. There are no leaves present during bloom-time. In July-Sept, a 1-2 foot tall flower stalk emerges from the corm with a spike of irregularly shaped purplish-green or copper orchid blooms. The shape accommodates the moths that pollinate them. The plant is connected by a series for combs.

They need to grow in a woodland setting with decaying wood in the moist soil. Plant where they can receive sun in the winter. This plant is listed as rare, endangered or threatened in several states.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Tipularia
    Species:
    discolor
    Family:
    Orchidaceae
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern United States
    Distribution:
    AL, AR, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, KY, LA, MA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV
    Wildlife Value:
    Pollinated by moths
    Edibility:
    Corms are edible
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herb
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Spike
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Irregular
    Flower Description:
    A flowering stem appears in July through Sept. directly from the corm with a spike of irregularly shaped orchid blooms.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    The leaf is dull to shiny green above, sometimes has raised purple spots and purple below. Appears in Autumn through spring.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Greenish-brown smooth leafless stem 15-24 inches tall
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Woodland
    Attracts:
    Moths