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Smilax rotundifolia is often confused with:
Smilax glauca Smilax glauca
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Smilax glauca Smilax glauca
Smilax bona-nox
Toxicodendron radicans Toxicodendron radicans

Round-Leaved Greenbrier Smilax rotundifolia

Other Common Name(s):

Description

Round-Leaved Greenbrier is a deciduous to semi-evergreen vine in the greenbrier family.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#thorns#deciduous#edible plant#semi-evergreen#weedy#tendrils#dioecious#deciduous vine#native vine#native weed#perennial weed
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#thorns#deciduous#edible plant#semi-evergreen#weedy#tendrils#dioecious#deciduous vine#native vine#native weed#perennial weed
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Smilax
    Species:
    rotundifolia
    Family:
    Smilacaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Canada, Central and Southeastern U.S.A.
    Distribution:
    Found in the eastern half of the US including Texas, South Dakota, and Oklahoma. It ranges from Florida north into Northern Ontario.
    Wildlife Value:
    Wildlife that will eat the berries and leaves in the late winter and early spring are Northern Cardinals, white-throated sparrows, white-tailed deer, and rabbits
    Climbing Method:
    Tendrils
    Twining
    Edibility:
    Shoots can be cooked like asparagus. The young leaves can be prepared like spinach or added to salads. The roots have a natural gelling agent that can be used as a thickening agent.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 3 in. - 20 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 5 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Vine
    Weed
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Semi-evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Climbing
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    High
    Appendage:
    Tendrils
    Thorns
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Blue
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Description:
    Berries are blue-black with a whitish bloom at maturity, about ¼" across and round. Each berry contains 1-3 seeds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Umbel
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    Greenish-white flowers form in umbels of 3-20 flowers which are individually about 1/4 inch long. This genus is dioecious, with male and female flowers appearing on different plants (i.e. not self-fertile). Male flowers have 6 stamens with white anthers. Female flowers have a greenish pistil with 3 short stigmata. The peduncle of each umbel is ½-¾" long.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Semi-evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Orbicular
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The upper surfaces of the leaves are darker green than the undersides. The leaves are 2-5 inches long, glabrous, rounded, alternate, with 3 to 5 primary veins per leaf. Minute prickles may be present along the lower surface of the veins.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Vertical Spaces
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Native Garden
    Design Feature:
    Barrier
    Security
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds